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1st Chronicles Chapter 19

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David’s messengers insulted

19:1 NOW it so happened after this, that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his place.
19:2 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
said, I will show kindness to Hanun the son of Nahash, because his father showed kindness to me. And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
sent messengers to comfort him concerning his father. So the servants of Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
came into the land of the children of Ammon to Hanun, to comfort him.

19:3 But the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, You think that Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
does honor your father, that he has sent comforters to you? are not his servants come to you for to search, and to overthrow, and to spy out the land?

19:4 Wherefore Hanun took Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
‘s servants, and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the midst hard by their buttocks, and sent them away.

19:5 Then there went certain, and told Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
how the men were served. And he sent to meet them: for the men were greatly ashamed. And the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and then return.

Defeat of Ammon

19:6 And when the children of Ammon saw that they had made themselves repulsive to Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, Hanun and the children of Ammon sent a thousand talents The Biblical weight of a talent is equal to approximately 34 kilograms or 74.96lbs of silver to hire them chariots and horsemen out of Mesopotamia, and out of Syriamaachah, and out of Zobah.

19:7 So they hired thirty two thousand chariots, and the king of Maachah and his people; who came and camped before Medeba. And the children of Ammon gathered themselves together from their cities, and came to battle.
19:8 And when Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
heard of it, he sent Joabיוֹאָב‎
Modern: Yōʼav, the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army means ‘YHVH [is] father
, and all the host of the mighty men.

19:9 And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array before the gate of the city: and the kings that were come were by themselves in the field.
19:10 Now when Joabיוֹאָב‎
Modern: Yōʼav, the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army means ‘YHVH [is] father
saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose out of all the choice of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians.

19:11 And the rest of the people he delivered to the hand of Abishai his brother, and they set themselves in array against the children of Ammon.
19:12 And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then you shall help me: but if the children of Ammon be too strong for you, then I will help you.
19:13 Be of good courage, and let us behave ourselves valiantly for our people, and for the cities of our God: and let YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
do that which is good in his sight.

19:14 So Joabיוֹאָב‎
Modern: Yōʼav, the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army means ‘YHVH [is] father
and the people that were with him drew near before the Syrians unto the battle; and they fled before him.

19:15 And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians had fled, they also fled before Abishai his brother, and entered into the city. Then Joabיוֹאָב‎
Modern: Yōʼav, the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army means ‘YHVH [is] father
came to Jerusalem.

Shophach is killed

19:16 And when the Syrians saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they sent messengers, and drew forth the Syrians that were beyond the river: and Shophach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.
19:17 And it was told Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
; and he gathered all Israel, and passed over Jordan, and came upon them, and set the battle in array against them. So when Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
had put the battle in array against the Syrians, they fought with him.

19:18 But the Syrians fled before Israel; and Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
killed of the Syrians seven thousand men which fought in chariots, and forty thousand footmen, and killed Shophach the captain of the army.

19:19 And when the servants of Hadarezer saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they made peace with Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, and became his servants, and the Syrians wouldn’t help the children of Ammon any more.

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