My Study Bible

Abraham’s Bosom

Search just this page

From the Encyclopaedia Judaica 2:165

Designation in the New Testament (Luke 16:22-31) of the abode of the blessed souls of pious and poor in the other world (compare IV Macc. 13:17 ; Matt. 8:11, where all three patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob are enumerated as those in whose company the pious souls stay).


The Hebrew expression be-heiko shel Avraham (“in Abraham’s Bosom”) is mention in aggadic literature (e.g., PR. 43:180b) dealing with martydom of Miriam (Hannah) and her seven sons. She urges her youngest child to die for the sanctification of God’s name, saying : “O my son, do you wish that all your brothers sit in Abraham’s bosom, except you?” Abraham’s bosom is mentioned also in the Midrash haGadol to Genesis (ed. Margulies (19447), 206) and in the Talmud (kid. 72b) where it probably refers to the covenant of Abraham (see also Pd RK(1868) , 25b S. Buber’s emendation).


In Christian mythologhy, Abraham’s bosom stands for the abode in the netherworld of the unbaptized children and for purgatory, from where, after punishment, Abraham conducts the purified souls into paradise. This notion is hinted at in the talmudic passage (Er.19a) which describes Abraham as shielding from punishment in hell all those who have not effaced the sign of circumcision (compare also, Gen. R 48:8).


Whether Abraham’s bosom is the abode of bliss, or, on the contrary, a place in Gehenna, it expresses the popular Jewish belief about Abraham as the warden in paradise and the protector of the meritorious souls in the other world.

RSS More References To The Afterlife
  • “Heaven” (name for God)
    From the Encyclopaedia Judaica 7:682 The Earliest occurrences (except for Dan. 4:23 : “It is Heaven that rules”) of the substitution of the word “Heaven” (God’s abode) for “God” (Himself) are found in the Apocrypha : “In the site of Heaven” (I Macc. 3:18), “Let us cry to Heaven” ( I Macc. 4:10) “They were […]
  • Paradise And Hell in Later Thought
    From the Encyclopedia Judaica 13:82 Paradise and Hell, the place of reward for the righteous and punishment for the wicked after death, are traditionally referred to as the Garden and Gehinnom respectively. In the Bible these two names never refer to the abode of souls after death; nevertheless, the idea of a fiery torment for […]
  • Abraham’s Bosom
    From the Encyclopaedia Judaica 2:165 Designation in the New Testament (Luke 16:22-31) of the abode of the blessed souls of pious and poor in the other world (compare IV Macc. 13:17 ; Matt. 8:11, where all three patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob are enumerated as those in whose company the pious souls stay). The Hebrew […]
  • Netherworld
    From the Encyclopedia Judaica 12:996 Apart from the Isaiah 14:14-19 and Ezekiel 38:18 ff passages, the numerous biblical references to the netherworld are vague and inspired by Ancient Near Easter folklore. Several names are given to the abode of the dead, most common being Sheol always femmine and without the definite article - a sign […]
  • Gehinnom
    From the Encyclopedia Judaica (Valley of Ben-Hinnom, Valley of [the Son(s) of Hinnom, Gehenna) a valley south of Jerusalem on one of the borders between the territories of Judah and Benjamin, between the Valley of Rephaimרְפָאִים‎Transliteration: rᵊp̄ā’îm Pronunciation: raw-faw’eem – giants, Rephaim For more info click here and En-Rogel (Josh. 15:8, 18:16). It is identified […]

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Categories
    • Judgement on the wicked Blessing on the good Elijah's coming
    • A messenger to prepare the way The Coming of Yahweh Infidelity of the people Promise of blessing
    • Priests to Be Disciplined 2:1 And now, O ya’ll priestsכֹּהֲנִיםkôhên, ko-hane’ Kohenim = priests, Plural principal officers or chief rulers For more info click here, this commandment is on you.2:2 If ya’ll don’t listen, and if ya’ll don’t take [it] to heart, to give honor to My Name, says YAHWEH יְהֹוָה‎Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of […]
    • Malachi complains about Israel's ingratitude Irreligion and profanity charged against Israel
    • Destruction of Jerusalem Jerusalem's reestablishment All nations to worship Yahweh of hosts
    • Jerusalem's spring of cleansing from idolatry and false prophecy A sword turned against enemies
    • Jerusalem a door of trembling Restoration of Judah Jerusalem's repentance
    • A day of visitation Destruction of Jerusalem The staffs of Kindness and Sorrow broken The foolish shepherd
    • God to be sought out God visits for sin yet he will save
    • Prophecies against neighboring nations Zion is urged to rejoice for the coming of Messiah Victory is promised
    • Jerusalem's restoration Encouragement to build Favors to Judah
    • An inquiry about fasting Zechariah tells the real reason for captivity
    • Vision of four chariots Joshua's crown Zemah and the Temple
    • Flying Scrolls the curse of thieves and false swearers Babylon's ruin
    • The golden menroah Zerubbabel's foundation Olive trees and anointed men
    • Protection against the Satan
    • Measurement of Jerusalem Redemption Of Zion God's presence promised
    • Zechariah’s exhortation Vision of the horses Promises to Jerusalem A vision of horns and carpenters
    • Haggai encourages the people Greater glory of the second temple A promise to Zerubbabel
    • Time of Haggai Haggai reproves the people’s indifference Haggai urges the people to build the house God’s Assistance promised