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Judges Chapter 12

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The quarrel with Ephraim

12:1 And the men of Ephraim gathered themselves together, and went northward, and said to Jephthah, Why did you cross over to fight against the children of Ammon, and did not call us to go with ya’ll ? We will burn your house upon ya’ll with fire.
12:2 And Jephthah said to them, I and my people were at great strife with the children of Ammon ; and when I called you, ya’ll didn’t deliver me out of their hands.
12:3 And when I saw that ya’ll weren’t helping, I put my life in my hands, and crossed over against the children of Ammon, and the HaShemהשם‎‎
hšm, literally “the name”; often abbreviated to ה׳‎ [h′]) is a title used in Judaism to refer to God. used not to refer to yaweh, particularly as an epithet for the Tetragrammaton, when avoiding God’s more formal title, Adonai (‘my master’).
delivered them into my hand. Now why then are ya’ll come up to me this day, to fight against me?
12:4 Then  Jephthah gathered together all the men of Gileadגִּלְעָד
or Gilad (/ˈɡɪliəd/; Gilʿāḏ) is the ancient, historic, biblical name of the mountainous northern part of the region of Transjordan. The region is bounded in the west by the Jordan River, in the north by the deep ravine of the river Yarmouk and the region of Bashan, and in the southwest by what were known during antiquity as the “plains of Moab”, with no definite boundary to the east.
, and fought with Ephraim and the men of Gileadגִּלְעָד
or Gilad (/ˈɡɪliəd/; Gilʿāḏ) is the ancient, historic, biblical name of the mountainous northern part of the region of Transjordan. The region is bounded in the west by the Jordan River, in the north by the deep ravine of the river Yarmouk and the region of Bashan, and in the southwest by what were known during antiquity as the “plains of Moab”, with no definite boundary to the east.
struck Ephraim, because they said, ya’ll Gileadites [are] fugitives of Ephraim among the Ephraimites, [and] among the Manassites.
12:5 And the Gileadites took the passages of Jordan before the Ephraimites and it was [so], that when those Ephraimites which were escaped said, Let me go over ; that the men of

The quarrel with Ephraim

12:1 And the men of Ephraim gathered themselves together, and went northward, and said to Jephthah, Why did you cross over to fight against the children of Ammon, and did not call us to go with ya’ll ? We will burn your house upon ya’ll with fire.
12:2 And Jephthah said to them, I and my people were at great strife with the children of Ammon ; and when I called you, ya’ll didn’t deliver me out of their hands.
12:3 And when I saw that ya’ll weren’t helping, I put my life in my hands, and crossed over against the children of Ammon, and the HaShemהשם‎‎
hšm, literally “the name”; often abbreviated to ה׳‎ [h′]) is a title used in Judaism to refer to God. used not to refer to yaweh, particularly as an epithet for the Tetragrammaton, when avoiding God’s more formal title, Adonai (‘my master’).
delivered them into my hand. Now why then are ya’ll come up to me this day, to fight against me?
12:4 Then Jephthah gathered together all the men of Gileadגִּלְעָד
or Gilad (/ˈɡɪliəd/; Gilʿāḏ) is the ancient, historic, biblical name of the mountainous northern part of the region of Transjordan. The region is bounded in the west by the Jordan River, in the north by the deep ravine of the river Yarmouk and the region of Bashan, and in the southwest by what were known during antiquity as the “plains of Moab”, with no definite boundary to the east.
, and fought with Ephraim and the men of Gileadגִּלְעָד
or Gilad (/ˈɡɪliəd/; Gilʿāḏ) is the ancient, historic, biblical name of the mountainous northern part of the region of Transjordan. The region is bounded in the west by the Jordan River, in the north by the deep ravine of the river Yarmouk and the region of Bashan, and in the southwest by what were known during antiquity as the “plains of Moab”, with no definite boundary to the east.
struck Ephraim, because they said, ya’ll Gileadites [are] fugitives of Ephraim among the Ephraimites, [and] among the Manassites.
12:5 And the Gileadites took the passages of Jordan before the Ephraimites and it was [so], that when those Ephraimites which were escaped said, Let me go over ; that the men of Gilead or Gilad (/ˈɡɪliəd/; Hebrew: גִּלְעָד Gilʿāḏ) is the ancient, historic, biblical name of the mountainous northern part of the region of Transjordan. The region is bounded in the west by the Jordan River, in the north by the deep ravine of the river Yarmouk and the region of Bashan, and in the southwest by what were known during antiquity as the “plains of Moab”, with no definite boundary to the east. said to him, [Are] you an Ephraimite ? If he said, No ;
12:6 Then said they to him, Say Shibboleth and he said Sibboleth for he could not pronounce [it] right. Then they took him, and killed him at the passages of Jordan and there fell at that time of the Ephraimites forty two thousand.

Jephthah dies


12:7 And Jephthah judged Israel six years. Then Jephthah the Gileadite died, and was buried in [one of] the cities of Gileadגִּלְעָד
or Gilad (/ˈɡɪliəd/; Gilʿāḏ) is the ancient, historic, biblical name of the mountainous northern part of the region of Transjordan. The region is bounded in the west by the Jordan River, in the north by the deep ravine of the river Yarmouk and the region of Bashan, and in the southwest by what were known during antiquity as the “plains of Moab”, with no definite boundary to the east.
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Subsequent judges


12:8 And after him Ibzan of Bethlehemבֵּית לֶחֶם
Bēṯ Leḥem) (/ˈbɛθlɪhɛm/;Bayt Laḥm; Arabic: بيت لحمHouse of Meat (Arabic); House of Bread (Hebrew, Aramaic)
judged Israel.
12:9 And he had thirty sons, and thirty daughters, [whom] he sent abroad, and took in thirty daughters from abroad for his sons. And he judged Israel seven years.
12:10 Then died Ibzan, and was buried at Bethlehemבֵּית לֶחֶם
Bēṯ Leḥem) (/ˈbɛθlɪhɛm/;Bayt Laḥm; Arabic: بيت لحمHouse of Meat (Arabic); House of Bread (Hebrew, Aramaic)
.
12:11 And after him Elonאֵילֹן
Ēlōn, “oak” For more info click here
, a Zebulonite, judged Israel ; and he judged Israel ten years.
12:12 And Elonאֵילֹן
Ēlōn, “oak” For more info click here
the Zebulonite died, and was buried in Aijalon in the country of Zebulun.
12:13 And after him Abdon the son of Hillel, a Pirathonite, judged Israel.
12:14 And he had forty sons and thirty nephews, that rode on sixty and ten ass colts and he judged Israel eight years.
12:15 And Abdon the son of Hillel the Pirathonite died, and was buried in Pirathon in the land of Ephraim, in the mount of the Amalekitesעֲמָלֵק
(/ˈæməlɛk/;’Ămālēq, Arabic: عماليق ‘Amālīq) was a nation described in the Hebrew Bible as a staunch enemy of the Israelites. The name “Amalek” can refer to the nation’s founder, a grandson of Esau; his descendants, the Amalekites; or the territories of Amalek, which they inhabited. In some rabbinical interpretations, Amalek is etymologised as am lak, ‘a people who lick (blood)’ For more info click here
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