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1st Kings Chapter 12

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Rehoboam succeeds Solomon

12:1 AND Rehoboam went to Shechem: for all Israel were come to Shechem to make him king.
12:2 And it so happened, when Jeroboamיָרָבְעָם‎
Yārŏḇə‘ām;/ˌdʒɛrəˈboʊ.əm/; Greek: Ἱεροβοάμ, romanized: Hieroboám Reign 931 – 910 BC Died 910 BC
the son of Nebat, who was yet in Egypt, heard of it, (for he was fled from the presence of king Solomonשְׁלֹמֹה
His two names mean “peaceful” and “friend of God”, both considered “predictive of the character of his reign Reign 970–931 BCE (hypothesized)For more info click here
, and Jeroboamיָרָבְעָם‎
Yārŏḇə‘ām;/ˌdʒɛrəˈboʊ.əm/; Greek: Ἱεροβοάμ, romanized: Hieroboám Reign 931 – 910 BC Died 910 BC
stayed in Egypt;)

12:3 That they sent and called him. And Jeroboamיָרָבְעָם‎
Yārŏḇə‘ām;/ˌdʒɛrəˈboʊ.əm/; Greek: Ἱεροβοάμ, romanized: Hieroboám Reign 931 – 910 BC Died 910 BC
and all the congregation of Israel came, and spoke to Rehoboamרְחַבְעָם
Rəḥaḇʿām; Greek: Ροβοάμ, Rovoam; Latin: Roboam, transl. ”an enlarged people” was, according to the Hebrew Bible, the first monarch of the Kingdom of Judah after the split of the united Kingdom of Israel. He was a son of and the successor to Solomon and a grandson of David.for more info click here
, saying,

12:4 Your father made our yoke grievous: now therefore make you the grievous service of your father, and his heavy yoke which he put upon us, lighter, and we will serve you.
12:5 And he said to them, Depart yet for three days, then come again to me. And the people departed.
12:6 And king Rehoboamרְחַבְעָם
Rəḥaḇʿām; Greek: Ροβοάμ, Rovoam; Latin: Roboam, transl. ”an enlarged people” was, according to the Hebrew Bible, the first monarch of the Kingdom of Judah after the split of the united Kingdom of Israel. He was a son of and the successor to Solomon and a grandson of David.for more info click here
consulted with the old men, that stood before Solomonשְׁלֹמֹה
His two names mean “peaceful” and “friend of God”, both considered “predictive of the character of his reign Reign 970–931 BCE (hypothesized)For more info click here
his father while he yet lived, and said, How do ya’ll advise that I may answer this people?

12:7 And they spoke to him, saying, If you will be a servant to this people this day, and will serve them, and answer them, and speak good words to them, then they will be your servants forever.
12:8 But he abandoned the counsel of the old men, which they had given him, and consulted with the young men that were grown up with him, and which stood before him:
12:9 And he said to them, What counsel give ya’ll that we may answer this people, who have spoken to me, saying, Make the yoke which your father did put upon us lighter?
12:10 And the young men that were grown up with him spoke to him, saying, So shall you speak to this people that spoke to you, saying, your father made our yoke heavy, but make you it lighter to us; thus shall you say to them, My little finger shall be thicker than my father’s loins.
12:11 And now whereas my father did lade you with a heavy yoke, I will add to your yoke: my father has punished you with whips, but I will punish you with scorpions.
12:12 So Jeroboamיָרָבְעָם‎
Yārŏḇə‘ām;/ˌdʒɛrəˈboʊ.əm/; Greek: Ἱεροβοάμ, romanized: Hieroboám Reign 931 – 910 BC Died 910 BC
and all the people came to Rehoboamרְחַבְעָם
Rəḥaḇʿām; Greek: Ροβοάμ, Rovoam; Latin: Roboam, transl. ”an enlarged people” was, according to the Hebrew Bible, the first monarch of the Kingdom of Judah after the split of the united Kingdom of Israel. He was a son of and the successor to Solomon and a grandson of David.for more info click here
the third day, as the king had appointed, saying, Come to me again the third day.

12:13 And the king answered the people roughly, and abandoned the old men’s counsel that they gave him;
12:14 And spoke to them after the counsel of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, and I will add to your yoke: my father also punished you with whips, but I will punish you with scorpions.
12:15 For what reason the king listened not to the people; for the cause was from YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
, that he might perform his saying, which YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
spoke by Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboamיָרָבְעָם‎
Yārŏḇə‘ām;/ˌdʒɛrəˈboʊ.əm/; Greek: Ἱεροβοάμ, romanized: Hieroboám Reign 931 – 910 BC Died 910 BC
the son of Nebat.

Ten tribes revolt to Jeroboam

12:16 So when all Israel saw that the king didn’t listened to them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
? neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to your own house, Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
. So Israel departed to their tents.

12:17 But as for the sons of Israel which stayed in the cities of Judah, Rehoboamרְחַבְעָם
Rəḥaḇʿām; Greek: Ροβοάμ, Rovoam; Latin: Roboam, transl. ”an enlarged people” was, according to the Hebrew Bible, the first monarch of the Kingdom of Judah after the split of the united Kingdom of Israel. He was a son of and the successor to Solomon and a grandson of David.for more info click here
reigned over them.

12:18 Then king Rehoboamרְחַבְעָם
Rəḥaḇʿām; Greek: Ροβοάμ, Rovoam; Latin: Roboam, transl. ”an enlarged people” was, according to the Hebrew Bible, the first monarch of the Kingdom of Judah after the split of the united Kingdom of Israel. He was a son of and the successor to Solomon and a grandson of David.for more info click here
sent Adoram, who was over the tribute; and all Israel stoned him with stones, that he died. So king Rehoboamרְחַבְעָם
Rəḥaḇʿām; Greek: Ροβοάμ, Rovoam; Latin: Roboam, transl. ”an enlarged people” was, according to the Hebrew Bible, the first monarch of the Kingdom of Judah after the split of the united Kingdom of Israel. He was a son of and the successor to Solomon and a grandson of David.for more info click here
made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem.

12:19 So Israel rebelled against the house of Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
to this day.

Kingdoms of Judah and Israel

12:20 And it so happened, when all Israel heard that Jeroboamיָרָבְעָם‎
Yārŏḇə‘ām;/ˌdʒɛrəˈboʊ.əm/; Greek: Ἱεροβοάμ, romanized: Hieroboám Reign 931 – 910 BC Died 910 BC
had come again, that they sent and called him to the congregation, and made him king over all Israel: there was none that followed the house of Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, but the tribe of Judah only.

12:21 And when Rehoboamרְחַבְעָם
Rəḥaḇʿām; Greek: Ροβοάμ, Rovoam; Latin: Roboam, transl. ”an enlarged people” was, according to the Hebrew Bible, the first monarch of the Kingdom of Judah after the split of the united Kingdom of Israel. He was a son of and the successor to Solomon and a grandson of David.for more info click here
was come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin, an hundred and eighty thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboamרְחַבְעָם
Rəḥaḇʿām; Greek: Ροβοάμ, Rovoam; Latin: Roboam, transl. ”an enlarged people” was, according to the Hebrew Bible, the first monarch of the Kingdom of Judah after the split of the united Kingdom of Israel. He was a son of and the successor to Solomon and a grandson of David.for more info click here
the son of Solomonשְׁלֹמֹה
His two names mean “peaceful” and “friend of God”, both considered “predictive of the character of his reign Reign 970–931 BCE (hypothesized)For more info click here
.

12:22 But the word of Elohimאֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
came to Shemaiah the man of Elohimאֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator

12:23 Speak to Rehoboamרְחַבְעָם
Rəḥaḇʿām; Greek: Ροβοάμ, Rovoam; Latin: Roboam, transl. ”an enlarged people” was, according to the Hebrew Bible, the first monarch of the Kingdom of Judah after the split of the united Kingdom of Israel. He was a son of and the successor to Solomon and a grandson of David.for more info click here
, the son of Solomonשְׁלֹמֹה
His two names mean “peaceful” and “friend of God”, both considered “predictive of the character of his reign Reign 970–931 BCE (hypothesized)For more info click here
, king of Judah, and to all the house of Judah and Benjamin, and to the remnant of the people, saying,

12:24 This says YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
, Ya’ll shall not go up, nor fight against your brethren the sons of Israel: return every man to his house; for this thing is from me. They listened therefore to the word of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
, and returned to depart, according to the word of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
.

12:25 Then Jeroboamיָרָבְעָם‎
Yārŏḇə‘ām;/ˌdʒɛrəˈboʊ.əm/; Greek: Ἱεροβοάμ, romanized: Hieroboám Reign 931 – 910 BC Died 910 BC
built Shechem in mount Ephraim, and stayed there; and went out from there, and built Penuel.

12:26 And Jeroboamיָרָבְעָם‎
Yārŏḇə‘ām;/ˌdʒɛrəˈboʊ.əm/; Greek: Ἱεροβοάμ, romanized: Hieroboám Reign 931 – 910 BC Died 910 BC
said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
:

12:27 If this people go up to do sacrifice in the house of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
at Jerusalem, then shall the heart of this people turn again to their lord, even to Rehoboamרְחַבְעָם
Rəḥaḇʿām; Greek: Ροβοάμ, Rovoam; Latin: Roboam, transl. ”an enlarged people” was, according to the Hebrew Bible, the first monarch of the Kingdom of Judah after the split of the united Kingdom of Israel. He was a son of and the successor to Solomon and a grandson of David.for more info click here
king of Judah, and they shall kill me, and go again to Rehoboamרְחַבְעָם
Rəḥaḇʿām; Greek: Ροβοάμ, Rovoam; Latin: Roboam, transl. ”an enlarged people” was, according to the Hebrew Bible, the first monarch of the Kingdom of Judah after the split of the united Kingdom of Israel. He was a son of and the successor to Solomon and a grandson of David.for more info click here
king of Judah.

12:28 Immediately the king took counsel, and made two calves of gold, and said to them, It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem: behold your gods, O Israel, which brought you up out of the land of Egypt.
12:29 And he set the one in Bethelבֵּית אֵל
romanized: Bēṯ ‘Ēl, “House of El” or “House of God” at first called changed by Jacob/Israel click here
, and the other put he in Dan.

12:30 And this thing became a sin: for the people went to worship before the one, even to Dan.
12:31 And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi.
12:32 And Jeroboamיָרָבְעָם‎
Yārŏḇə‘ām;/ˌdʒɛrəˈboʊ.əm/; Greek: Ἱεροβοάμ, romanized: Hieroboám Reign 931 – 910 BC Died 910 BC
ordained a feast in the eighth month, on the fifteenth day of the month, like to the feast that is in Judah, and he offered upon the altar. So did he in Bethelבֵּית אֵל
romanized: Bēṯ ‘Ēl, “House of El” or “House of God” at first called changed by Jacob/Israel click here
, sacrificing to the calves that he had made: and he placed in Bethelבֵּית אֵל
romanized: Bēṯ ‘Ēl, “House of El” or “House of God” at first called changed by Jacob/Israel click here
the priests of the high places which he had made.

12:33 So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Bethelבֵּית אֵל
romanized: Bēṯ ‘Ēl, “House of El” or “House of God” at first called changed by Jacob/Israel click here
the fifteenth day of the eighth month, even in the month which he had devised of his own heart; and ordained a feast to the sons of Israel: and he offered upon the altar, and burnt incense
.

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