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Nehemiah Chapter 12

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The priest who returned

12:1 Now these are the priests and the Levitesלְוִיִּם
/ˈliːvaɪt/ LEE-vyte;romanized: Lǝvīyyīm) or Levi are Jewish males who claim patrilineal descent from the Tribe of Levi. The Tribe of Levi descended from Levi, the third son of Jacob and Leah. The surname Halevi, which consists of the Hebrew definite article “ה” Ha- (‘the’) plus Levi (‘Levite’) is not conclusive regarding being a Levite; a titular use of HaLevi indicates being a Levite. The daughter of a Levite is a Bat Levi (Bat being Hebrew for ‘daughter’) For more info click here
that went up with Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshuaיֵשׁוּעַ
romanized: Yēšūaʿ, lit. ‘Yahweh is salvation’) was a common alternative form of the name Yehoshua (Hebrew: יְהוֹשֻׁעַ, romanized: Yəhōšūaʿ, lit. ’Joshua’) in later books of the Hebrew Bible and among Jews of the Second Temple period. The name corresponds to the Greek spelling Iesous (Ἰησοῦς), from which, through the Latin IESVS/Iesus, comes the English spelling Jesus meaning salvation. For more info click here
: Seraiah, Jeremiah, Ezra,
12:2 Amariah, Malluch, Hattush,
12:3 Shechaniah (or Shebaniah), Rehum (or Harim), Meremoth (or Meraioth),
12:4 Iddoעִדּוֹ
Īddō; also Jedo; Greek: Αδει, Αδδω, Adei, Addō meaning “His Love” For more info click here
, Ginnetho (or Ginnethon), Abijah,
12:5 Miamin (or Miniamin), Maadiah (or Moadiah), Bilgah,
12:6 Shemaiah, and Joiarib, Jedaiah,
12:7 Sallu (or Sallai), Amok, Hilkiah, Jedaiah. These were the rulers of the priests and of their brothers in the days of  Jeshuaיֵשׁוּעַ
romanized: Yēšūaʿ, lit. ‘Yahweh is salvation’) was a common alternative form of the name Yehoshua (Hebrew: יְהוֹשֻׁעַ, romanized: Yəhōšūaʿ, lit. ’Joshua’) in later books of the Hebrew Bible and among Jews of the Second Temple period. The name corresponds to the Greek spelling Iesous (Ἰησοῦς), from which, through the Latin IESVS/Iesus, comes the English spelling Jesus meaning salvation. For more info click here
.
12:8 Moreover the Levitesלְוִיִּם
/ˈliːvaɪt/ LEE-vyte;romanized: Lǝvīyyīm) or Levi are Jewish males who claim patrilineal descent from the Tribe of Levi. The Tribe of Levi descended from Levi, the third son of Jacob and Leah. The surname Halevi, which consists of the Hebrew definite article “ה” Ha- (‘the’) plus Levi (‘Levite’) is not conclusive regarding being a Levite; a titular use of HaLevi indicates being a Levite. The daughter of a Levite is a Bat Levi (Bat being Hebrew for ‘daughter’) For more info click here
: Jeshuaיֵשׁוּעַ
romanized: Yēšūaʿ, lit. ‘Yahweh is salvation’) was a common alternative form of the name Yehoshua (Hebrew: יְהוֹשֻׁעַ, romanized: Yəhōšūaʿ, lit. ’Joshua’) in later books of the Hebrew Bible and among Jews of the Second Temple period. The name corresponds to the Greek spelling Iesous (Ἰησοῦς), from which, through the Latin IESVS/Iesus, comes the English spelling Jesus meaning salvation. For more info click here
, Binnui, Kadmiel, Sherebiah, Judah, and Mattaniah, which was over the thanksgiving, he and his brothers.
12:9 Also Bakbukiah and Unni, their brothers, were next to them in the watches.

Succession of the high priests


12:10 And Jeshuaיֵשׁוּעַ
romanized: Yēšūaʿ, lit. ‘Yahweh is salvation’) was a common alternative form of the name Yehoshua (Hebrew: יְהוֹשֻׁעַ, romanized: Yəhōšūaʿ, lit. ’Joshua’) in later books of the Hebrew Bible and among Jews of the Second Temple period. The name corresponds to the Greek spelling Iesous (Ἰησοῦς), from which, through the Latin IESVS/Iesus, comes the English spelling Jesus meaning salvation. For more info click here
fathered Joiakim, Joiakim also fathered Eliashib, and Eliashib fathered Joiada,
12:11 And Joiada fathered Jonathan, and Jonathan fathered Jaddua.
12:12 And in the days of Joiakim were priests, the rulers of the fathers: from [the house of] Seraiah was Meraiah; from Jeremiah was Hananiah;
12:13 from Ezra, Meshullam was Amariah, Jehohanan;
12:14 from Melicu, Jonathan was Shebaniah, Joseph;
12:15 from Harim, Adna was Meraioth, Helkai;
12:16 from Iddoעִדּוֹ
Īddō; also Jedo; Greek: Αδει, Αδδω, Adei, Addō meaning “His Love” For more info click here
, Zechariah was Ginnethon, Meshullam;
12:17 from Abijah [was] Zichri from Miniamin, of Moadiah was Piltai:
12:18 from Bilgah [was] Shammua from Shemaiah [was] Jehonathan;
12:19 And from Joiarib [was] Mattenai; from Jedaiah [was] Uzzi;
12:20 from Sallai [was] Kallai from Amok [was] Eber;
12:21 from Hilkiah [was] Hashabiah; from Jedaiah [was] Nethaneel.
12:22 The Levitesלְוִיִּם
/ˈliːvaɪt/ LEE-vyte;romanized: Lǝvīyyīm) or Levi are Jewish males who claim patrilineal descent from the Tribe of Levi. The Tribe of Levi descended from Levi, the third son of Jacob and Leah. The surname Halevi, which consists of the Hebrew definite article “ה” Ha- (‘the’) plus Levi (‘Levite’) is not conclusive regarding being a Levite; a titular use of HaLevi indicates being a Levite. The daughter of a Levite is a Bat Levi (Bat being Hebrew for ‘daughter’) For more infoclick here
in the days of Eliashib, Joiada, and Johanan, and Jaddua, were written rulers of the fathers: also the priests, until the reign of Darius the Persian.
12:23 The sons of Levi, the rulers of the fathers, were written in the Book of the Chronicles, even until the days of Johanan the son of Eliashib.
12:24 And the rulers of the Levitesלְוִיִּם
/ˈliːvaɪt/ LEE-vyte;romanized: Lǝvīyyīm) or Levi are Jewish males who claim patrilineal descent from the Tribe of Levi. The Tribe of Levi descended from Levi, the third son of Jacob and Leah. The surname Halevi, which consists of the Hebrew definite article “ה” Ha- (‘the’) plus Levi (‘Levite’) is not conclusive regarding being a Levite; a titular use of HaLevi indicates being a Levite. The daughter of a Levite is a Bat Levi (Bat being Hebrew for ‘daughter’) For more info click here
: [were] Hashabiah, Sherebiah, and Jeshuaיֵשׁוּעַ
romanized: Yēšūaʿ, lit. ‘Yahweh is salvation’) was a common alternative form of the name Yehoshua (Hebrew: יְהוֹשֻׁעַ, romanized: Yəhōšūaʿ, lit. ’Joshua’) in later books of the Hebrew Bible and among Jews of the Second Temple period. The name corresponds to the Greek spelling Iesous (Ἰησοῦς), from which, through the Latin IESVS/Iesus, comes the English spelling Jesus meaning salvation. For more info click here
the son of Kadmiel, with their brothers next to them, to praise and to give thanks, according to the command of Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
the man of Elohimאֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
, watch by watch.
12:25 Mattaniah, and Bakbukiah, Obadiah(/ˌoʊbəˈdaɪ.ə/; Hebrew: עֹבַדְיָה – ʿŌḇaḏyā or עֹבַדְיָהוּ‎ – ʿŌḇaḏyāhū; “servant of Yah”, or “Slave of Yah [YHWH]”), also known as Abdia, Meshullam, Talmon, Akkub, [were] guarding  gates the guard at the thresholds of the gates.
12:26 These were in the days of Joiakim the son of Jeshuaיֵשׁוּעַ
romanized: Yēšūaʿ, lit. ‘Yahweh is salvation’) was a common alternative form of the name Yehoshua (Hebrew: יְהוֹשֻׁעַ, romanized: Yəhōšūaʿ, lit. ’Joshua’) in later books of the Hebrew Bible and among Jews of the Second Temple period. The name corresponds to the Greek spelling Iesous (Ἰησοῦς), from which, through the Latin IESVS/Iesus, comes the English spelling Jesus meaning salvation. For more info click here
, the son of Jozadak, and in the days of Nehemiah the governor, and of Ezra the priest, the scribe.

Dedication of the walls


12:27 And at the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem they sought the Levitesלְוִיִּם
/ˈliːvaɪt/ LEE-vyte;romanized: Lǝvīyyīm) or Levi are Jewish males who claim patrilineal descent from the Tribe of Levi. The Tribe of Levi descended from Levi, the third son of Jacob and Leah. The surname Halevi, which consists of the Hebrew definite article “ה” Ha- (‘the’) plus Levi (‘Levite’) is not conclusive regarding being a Levite; a titular use of HaLevi indicates being a Levite. The daughter of a Levite is a Bat Levi (Bat being Hebrew for ‘daughter’) For more info click here
out of all their places, to bring them to Jerusalem, to keep the dedication with gladness, both with thanksgivings, and with singing, with cymbals, lyres, and with harps.
12:28 And the sons of the singers gathered themselves together, both out of the plain country round about Jerusalem, and from the villages of Netophasi;
12:29 Also from the house of Gilgal, and out of the fields of Geba and Azmaveth: for the singers had built themselves villages all around about Jerusalem.
12:30 And the priests and the Levitesלְוִיִּם
/ˈliːvaɪt/ LEE-vyte;romanized: Lǝvīyyīm) or Levi are Jewish males who claim patrilineal descent from the Tribe of Levi. The Tribe of Levi descended from Levi, the third son of Jacob and Leah. The surname Halevi, which consists of the Hebrew definite article “ה” Ha- (‘the’) plus Levi (‘Levite’) is not conclusive regarding being a Levite; a titular use of HaLevi indicates being a Levite. The daughter of a Levite is a Bat Levi (Bat being Hebrew for ‘daughter’) For more info click here
purified themselves, and purified the people, and the gates, and the wall.
12:31 Then I brought up the rulers of Judah on the wall, and chose two great thanksgiving choirs, One went on the right hand on the wall toward the Dung Gate:
12:32 And after them went Hoshaiah, and half of the rulers of Judah,
12:33 And AzariahHebrew: עֲזַרְיָה ‘Ǎzaryāh, “Yah has helped”, Ezra, and Meshullam,
12:34 Judah, and Benjamin, and Shemaiah, and Jeremiah,
12:35 And [many] of the priests’ sons with trumpets; namely, Zechariah the son of Jonathan, the son of Shemaiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Michaiah, the son of Zaccur, the son of Asaph:
12:36 And his brothers, Shemaiah, and Azarael, Milalai, Gilalai, Maai, Nethaneel, and Judah, Hanani, with the musical instruments of Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
the man of Elohimאֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
, and Ezra the scribe before them.
12:37 And at the Fountain Gate, across from them, they went up by the stairs of the city of Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, at the going up of the wall, above the house of Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, even to the Water Gate eastward.
12:38 And the other thanksgiving choir were going to the opposite [side], and I after them, and the half of the people on the wall, from beyond the Tower of Furnaces even to the Broad Wall;
12:39 And from above the  Ephraim G
ate, and above the Old Gate and above the Fish Gate, and the Tower of Hananeel, and the tower of Meah, even to the Sheep Gate: and they stood still in the Prison Gate.
12:40 So the two thanksgiving choirs stood in the house of Elohimאֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
, and I, and the half of the rulers with me:
12:41 And the priests; Eliakim, Maaseiah, Miniamin, Michaiah, Elioenai, Zechariah, and Hananiah, [were] with trumpets;
12:42 And Maaseiah, and Shemaiah, and Eleazar, and Uzzi, and Jehohanan, and Malchijah, and Elam, and Ezer. And the singers sang aloud, with Jezrahiah their overseer.
12:43 Also that day they offered great sacrifices, and rejoiced. For Elohimאֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
had made them rejoice with great joy: the wives also and the children rejoiced: so that the joy of Jerusalem was heard even at a great distance.
12:44 And at that time were some chosen over the rooms for the treasuries, for the offerings, for the firstfruits, and for the tithes, to gather into them out of the fields of the cities the portions of the Torahתּוֹרָה‎
Tōrā,/ˈtɔːrə, ˈtoʊrə/; “Instruction”, “Teaching” or “Law”) The first five books of the Bible or also called “the books of Moses” comes from an archery term meaning to shoot.
for the priests and Levitesלְוִיִּם
/ˈliːvaɪt/ LEE-vyte;romanized: Lǝvīyyīm) or Levi are Jewish males who claim patrilineal descent from the Tribe of Levi. The Tribe of Levi descended from Levi, the third son of Jacob and Leah. The surname Halevi, which consists of the Hebrew definite article “ה” Ha- (‘the’) plus Levi (‘Levite’) is not conclusive regarding being a Levite; a titular use of HaLevi indicates being a Levite. The daughter of a Levite is a Bat Levi (Bat being Hebrew for ‘daughter’) For more info click here
: for Judah rejoiced for the priests and for the Levitesלְוִיִּם
/ˈliːvaɪt/ LEE-vyte;romanized: Lǝvīyyīm) or Levi are Jewish males who claim patrilineal descent from the Tribe of Levi. The Tribe of Levi descended from Levi, the third son of Jacob and Leah. The surname Halevi, which consists of the Hebrew definite article “ה” Ha- (‘the’) plus Levi (‘Levite’) is not conclusive regarding being a Levite; a titular use of HaLevi indicates being a Levite. The daughter of a Levite is a Bat Levi (Bat being Hebrew for ‘daughter’) For more info click here
that waited.
12:45 And both the singers and the gatekeepers kept the watch of their Elohimאֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
, and the watch of the purification, according to the command of Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, and of Solomonשְׁלֹמֹה
His two names mean “peaceful” and “friend of God”, both considered “predictive of the character of his reign Reign 970–931 BCE (hypothesized)For more info click here
his son.
12:46 For in the past days of Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
and Asaph there were heads of the singers, and songs of praise and thanksgiving to Elohimאֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
.
12:47 And all Israel in the days of Zerubbabel, and in the days of Nehemiah, gave the portions of the singers and the gatekeepers, every day its portion: and they set the [holy things] apart for the Levitesלְוִיִּם
/ˈliːvaɪt/ LEE-vyte;romanized: Lǝvīyyīm) or Levi are Jewish males who claim patrilineal descent from the Tribe of Levi. The Tribe of Levi descended from Levi, the third son of Jacob and Leah. The surname Halevi, which consists of the Hebrew definite article “ה” Ha- (‘the’) plus Levi (‘Levite’) is not conclusive regarding being a Levite; a titular use of HaLevi indicates being a Levite. The daughter of a Levite is a Bat Levi (Bat being Hebrew for ‘daughter’) For more info click here
; and the Levitesלְוִיִּם
/ˈliːvaɪt/ LEE-vyte;romanized: Lǝvīyyīm) or Levi are Jewish males who claim patrilineal descent from the Tribe of Levi. The Tribe of Levi descended from Levi, the third son of Jacob and Leah. The surname Halevi, which consists of the Hebrew definite article “ה” Ha- (‘the’) plus Levi (‘Levite’) is not conclusive regarding being a Levite; a titular use of HaLevi indicates being a Levite. The daughter of a Levite is a Bat Levi (Bat being Hebrew for ‘daughter’) For more info click here
set apart the sons of Aaron.

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