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2nd Samuel Chapter 23

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David’s last song

23:1 NOW these be the last words of Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
. David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacobיַעֲקֹב
(/ˈdʒeɪkəb/; Modern: Yaʿaqōv (help·info), Tiberian: Yaʿăqōḇ; Arabic: يَعْقُوب, romanized: Yaʿqūb; Greek: Ἰακώβ, romanized: Iakṓb) the name Yaʿaqōv יעקב is derived from ʿaqev עָקֵב “heel”, as Jacob was born grasping the heel of his twin brother Esau. (later called Israel) for more info click here
, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said,

23:2 The Spirit of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
spoke by me, and his word was in my tongue.

23:3 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spoke to me, He that rules over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.
23:4 And he shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun rises, even a morning without clouds; as the tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after rain.
23:5 Although my house be not so with God; yet he has made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure: for this is all my salvation, and all my desire, although he make it not to grow.

State of the wicked

23:6 But the sons of Belialבְּלִיַּעַל‎
Bəlīyyaʿal is a term occurring in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament which later became personified as the devil in Christian texts of the New Testament. Alternate spellings include Baalial, Balial, Belhor, Beliall, Beliar, Berial, Bylyl and Beliya’al. A Hebrew word “used to characterize the wicked or worthless”.
shall be all of them as thorns thrust away, because they cannot be taken with hands:

23:7 But the man that shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the same place.

Roster of David’s Mighty Men

23:8 These be the names of the mighty men whom Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he killed at one time.

23:9 And after him was Elhananאֶלְחָנָן
He was a member of King David’s elite fighters known as The Thirty. For more info click here
the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, when they defied the Philistinesפְּלִשְׁתִּים
romanized: Pəlīštīm; Koine Greek (LXX): Φυλιστιείμ, romanized: Phulistieím) were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan during the Iron Age. For more info click here
that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away:

23:10 He rose up, and struck the Philistinesפְּלִשְׁתִּים
romanized: Pəlīštīm; Koine Greek (LXX): Φυλιστιείμ, romanized: Phulistieím) were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan during the Iron Age. For more info click here
until his hand was weary, and his hand clave to the sword: and YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
wrought a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to spoil.

23:11 And after him was Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. And the Philistinesפְּלִשְׁתִּים
romanized: Pəlīštīm; Koine Greek (LXX): Φυλιστιείμ, romanized: Phulistieím) were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan during the Iron Age. For more info click here
were gathered together into a troop, where was a piece of ground full of lentiles: and the people fled from the Philistinesפְּלִשְׁתִּים
romanized: Pəlīštīm; Koine Greek (LXX): Φυλιστιείμ, romanized: Phulistieím) were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan during the Iron Age. For more info click here
.

23:12 But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and killed the Philistinesפְּלִשְׁתִּים
romanized: Pəlīštīm; Koine Greek (LXX): Φυλιστιείμ, romanized: Phulistieím) were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan during the Iron Age. For more info click here
: and YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
wrought a great victory.

23:13 And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
in the harvest time to the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistinesפְּלִשְׁתִּים
romanized: Pəlīštīm; Koine Greek (LXX): Φυλιστιείμ, romanized: Phulistieím) were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan during the Iron Age. For more info click here
pitched in the valley of Rephaimרְפָאִים
Transliteration: rᵊp̄ā’îm Pronunciation: raw-faw’eem – giants, Rephaim For more info click here
.

23:14 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
was then in an hold, and the garrison of the Philistinesפְּלִשְׁתִּים
romanized: Pəlīštīm; Koine Greek (LXX): Φυλιστιείμ, romanized: Phulistieím) were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan during the Iron Age. For more info click here
was then in Bethlehemבֵּית לֶחֶם
/ˈbɛθlɪhɛm/; Bet Leḥem literally “house of bread” or “house of food.”
.

23:15 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehemבֵּית לֶחֶם
/ˈbɛθlɪhɛm/; Bet Leḥem literally “house of bread” or “house of food.”
, which is by the gate!

23:16 And the three mighty men broke through the host of the Philistinesפְּלִשְׁתִּים
romanized: Pəlīštīm; Koine Greek (LXX): Φυλιστιείμ, romanized: Phulistieím) were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan during the Iron Age. For more info click here
, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehemבֵּית לֶחֶם
/ˈbɛθlɪhɛm/; Bet Leḥem literally “house of bread” or “house of food.”
, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David: nevertheless he would not drink of it, but poured it out to YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
.

23:17 And he said, Far be it from me, O YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
, that I should do this: is not this the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives? therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mighty men.

23:18 And Abishai, the brother of Joabיוֹאָב‎
Modern: Yōʼav, the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army means ‘YHVH [is] father
, the son of Zeruiah, was chief among three. And he lifted up his spear against three hundred, and killed them, and had the name among three.

23:19 Was he not most honorable of three? therefore he was their captain: however he attained not to the first three.
23:20 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man, of Kabzeel, who had done many acts, he killed two lion like men of Moab: he went down also and killed a lion in the midst of a pit in time of snow:
23:21 And he killed an Egyptian, a goodly man: and the Egyptian had a spear in his hand; but he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand, and killed him with his own spear.
23:22 These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had the name among three mighty men.
23:23 He was more honorable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
set him over his guard.

23:24 Asahel the brother of Joabיוֹאָב‎
Modern: Yōʼav, the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army means ‘YHVH [is] father
was one of the thirty; Elhananאֶלְחָנָן
He was a member of King David’s elite fighters known as The Thirty. For more info click here
the son of Dodo of Bethlehemבֵּית לֶחֶם
/ˈbɛθlɪhɛm/; Bet Leḥem literally “house of bread” or “house of food.”
,

23:25 Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,
23:26 Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite,
23:27 Abiezer the Anethothite, Mebunnai the Hushasite,
23:26 Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophasite,
23:29 Heleb the son of Baanah, a Netophasite, Ittai the son of Ribai out of Gibeah of the sons of Benjaminבִּנְיָמִי
Bīnyāmīn Meaning: “Son of (the) right” or “Son of My right hand” was the last of the two sons of Jacob and Rachel (Jacob’s thirteenth child and twelfth and youngest son) For more info click here
,

23:30 Benaiah the Pirathonite, Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash,
23:31 Abialbon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite,
23:32 Eliahba the Shaalbonite, of the sons of Jashen, Jonathan,
23:33 Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,
23:34 Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the Maachasite, Eliam the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,
23:35 Hezrai the Carmelite, Paarai the Arbite,
23:36 Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite,
23:37 Zelek the Ammonite, Nahari the Beerothite, armourbearer to Joabיוֹאָב‎
Modern: Yōʼav, the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army means ‘YHVH [is] father
the son of Zeruiah,

23:38 Ira an Ithrite, Gareb an Ithrite,
23:39 Uriah the Hittite: thirty and seven in all.

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