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2nd Samuel Chapter 2

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David Anointed King of Judah

2:1 AND it so happened after this, that Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
asked of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
, saying, Shall I go up into one of the cities of Judah? And YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
said to him, Go up. And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
said, Where should I go up? And he said, To Hebronחֶבְרוֹן
Ḥevrōn is a Palestinian city in the southern West Bank, 19 mi south of Jerusalem. Nestled in the Judaean Mountains, it lies 3,050 ft above sea level.The city is often considered one of the four holy cities in Judaism as well as in Islam.

2:2 So Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
went up there, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigailאֲבִיגַיִל‎
Modern: ʾAvīgayīl, Tiberian: ʾAḇīḡayīl) Derived from the Hebrew word ab, “father”, and the Hebrew root g-y-l, “to rejoice,” the name Abigail has a variety of possible meanings including “my father’s joy” and “source of joy”
Nabalנָבָל
Nāḇāl “fool”)
‘s former wife the Carmelite.

2:3 And his men that were with him did Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
brought up, each man and his household: and they lived in the cities of Hebronחֶבְרוֹן
Ḥevrōn is a Palestinian city in the southern West Bank, 19 mi south of Jerusalem. Nestled in the Judaean Mountains, it lies 3,050 ft above sea level.The city is often considered one of the four holy cities in Judaism as well as in Islam.

2:4 And the men of Judah came, and there they anointedמָשַׁח
mâshach, maw-shakh’; a primitive root; to rub with oil, i.e. to anoint; by implication, to consecrate; also to paint:—anoint, paint For more info click here
Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
king over the house of Judah. And they told Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, saying, That the men of Jabeshgilead were they that buried Saul.

2:5 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
sent messengers unto the men of Jabeshgilead, and said to them, Blessed are ya’ll of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
, that ya’ll have showed this kindness to your lord, with Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
, that have buried him.

2:6 And now may YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
show kindness and truth to you: and I also will do good to you, because ya’ll have done this thing.

2:7 So now let your hands be strengthened, and be ya’ll valiant: for your lord Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
is dead, and also the house of Judah has anointedמָשַׁח
mâshach, maw-shakh’; a primitive root; to rub with oil, i.e. to anoint; by implication, to consecrate; also to paint:—anoint, paint For more info click here
me king over them.

Ish-bosheth Rules Israel


2:8 But Abnerאַבְנֵר
ʾAḇnēr) was the cousin of King Saul and the commander-in-chief of his army.His name also appears asאבינר בן נר‎ “Abiner son of Ner”, where the longer form Abiner means “my father is Ner”
the son of Ner, captain of Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
‘s army, took Ish-bosheth/strong>אִישׁ־בֹּשֶׁת
romanized: ʼĪš-bōšeṯ, “man of shame”), also called Eshbaal (אֶשְׁבַּעַל‎, ’Ešba‘al; alternatively spelled Ishbaal, “fire of Baal”)
the son of Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
, and brought him over to Mahanaimמַחֲנַיִם
Maḥănayīm, “camps”) is a place mentioned a number of times by the Bible said to be near Jabbok, in the same general area as Jabesh-gilead, beyond the Jordan River. Although two possible sites have been identified, the precise location of Mahanaim is uncertain. Tell edh-Dhahab el-Gharbi, the western one of the twin Tulul adh-Dhahab tells, is one proposed identification.
;

2:9 And made him king over Gileadגִּלְעָד
or Gilad (/ˈɡɪliəd/; Gilʿāḏ) is the ancient, historic, biblical name of the mountainous northern part of the region of Transjordan. The region is bounded in the west by the Jordan River, in the north by the deep ravine of the river Yarmouk and the region of Bashan, and in the southwest by what were known during antiquity as the “plains of Moab”, with no definite boundary to the east.
, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel.

2:10 Ish-bosheth/strong>אִישׁ־בֹּשֶׁת
romanized: ʼĪš-bōšeṯ, “man of shame”), also called Eshbaal (אֶשְׁבַּעַל‎, ’Ešba‘al; alternatively spelled Ishbaal, “fire of Baal”)
Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
‘s son was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
.

2:11 And the time that Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
was king in Hebronחֶבְרוֹן
Ḥevrōn is a Palestinian city in the southern West Bank, 19 mi south of Jerusalem. Nestled in the Judaean Mountains, it lies 3,050 ft above sea level.The city is often considered one of the four holy cities in Judaism as well as in Islam.
over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.

2:12 And Abnerאַבְנֵר
ʾAḇnēr) was the cousin of King Saul and the commander-in-chief of his army.His name also appears asאבינר בן נר‎ “Abiner son of Ner”, where the longer form Abiner means “my father is Ner”
the son of Ner, and the servants of Ish-bosheth/strong>אִישׁ־בֹּשֶׁת
romanized: ʼĪš-bōšeṯ, “man of shame”), also called Eshbaal (אֶשְׁבַּעַל‎, ’Ešba‘al; alternatively spelled Ishbaal, “fire of Baal”)
the son of Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
, went out from Mahanaimמַחֲנַיִם
Maḥănayīm, “camps”) is a place mentioned a number of times by the Bible said to be near Jabbok, in the same general area as Jabesh-gilead, beyond the Jordan River. Although two possible sites have been identified, the precise location of Mahanaim is uncertain. Tell edh-Dhahab el-Gharbi, the western one of the twin Tulul adh-Dhahab tells, is one proposed identification.
to Gibeonגִּבְעוֹן
giḇʻôn, giv’ôn a Canaanite city north of Jerusalem that was conquered by Joshua
.

2:13 And Joabיוֹאָב‎
Modern: Yōʼav, the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army means ‘YHVH [is] father
the son of Zeruiah, and the servants of Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, went out, and met together by the pool of Gibeonגִּבְעוֹן
giḇʻôn, giv’ôn a Canaanite city north of Jerusalem that was conquered by Joshua
: and they sat down, the one on the one side of the pool, and the other on the other side of the pool.

2:14 And Abnerאַבְנֵר
ʾAḇnēr) was the cousin of King Saul and the commander-in-chief of his army.His name also appears asאבינר בן נר‎ “Abiner son of Ner”, where the longer form Abiner means “my father is Ner”
said to Joabיוֹאָב‎
Modern: Yōʼav, the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army means ‘YHVH [is] father
, Let the young men now get up, and play before us. And Joabיוֹאָב‎
Modern: Yōʼav, the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army means ‘YHVH [is] father
said, Let them get up.

2:15 Then there rose up and went over by number twelve for Benjamin, which pertained to Ish-bosheth/strong>אִישׁ־בֹּשֶׁת
romanized: ʼĪš-bōšeṯ, “man of shame”), also called Eshbaal (אֶשְׁבַּעַל‎, ’Ešba‘al; alternatively spelled Ishbaal, “fire of Baal”)
the son of Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
, and twelve of the servants of Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
.

2:16 And  each one
caught his neighbour by the head, and [shoved] his sword in his neighbour’s side; so that they fell down together: for that reason the place was called Helkath-hazzurim is the name of a site where the troops of David fought the troops of Ish-bosheth. The location is described as “Helkath-hazzurim, which is in Gibeon,” although Stanley A. Cook suggested that the words “which is in Gibeon” were a later explanatory note added to the text, and that the story may originally have been set in another location., which is in Gibeonגִּבְעוֹן
giḇʻôn, giv’ôn a Canaanite city north of Jerusalem that was conquered by Joshua

2:17 And there was a very cruel battle that day; and Abnerאַבְנֵר
ʾAḇnēr) was the cousin of King Saul and the commander-in-chief of his army.His name also appears asאבינר בן נר‎ “Abiner son of Ner”, where the longer form Abiner means “my father is Ner”
was beaten, and the men of Israel, before Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
‘s servants.

Asahel is killed


2:18 And there were three sons of Zeruiah there, Joabיוֹאָב‎
Modern: Yōʼav, the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army means ‘YHVH [is] father
, and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel was quick with his feet like a roe in the field .

2:19 And Asahel chased after Abnerאַבְנֵר
ʾAḇnēr) was the cousin of King Saul and the commander-in-chief of his army.His name also appears asאבינר בן נר‎ “Abiner son of Ner”, where the longer form Abiner means “my father is Ner”
; and in going he turned not to the right hand or to the left from following Abnerאַבְנֵר
ʾAḇnēr) was the cousin of King Saul and the commander-in-chief of his army.His name also appears asאבינר בן נר‎ “Abiner son of Ner”, where the longer form Abiner means “my father is Ner”
.

2:20 Then Abnerאַבְנֵר
ʾAḇnēr) was the cousin of King Saul and the commander-in-chief of his army.His name also appears asאבינר בן נר‎ “Abiner son of Ner”, where the longer form Abiner means “my father is Ner”
looked behind him, and said, Are you Asahel? And he answered, I [am].

2:21 And Abnerאַבְנֵר
ʾAḇnēr) was the cousin of King Saul and the commander-in-chief of his army.His name also appears asאבינר בן נר‎ “Abiner son of Ner”, where the longer form Abiner means “my father is Ner”
said to him, Turn away to your right hand or to your left, and lay hold on one of the young men, and
take his armor for yourself. But Asahel wouldn’t turn away from following him.
2:22 And Abnerאַבְנֵר
ʾAḇnēr) was the cousin of King Saul and the commander-in-chief of his army.His name also appears asאבינר בן נר‎ “Abiner son of Ner”, where the longer form Abiner means “my father is Ner”
said again to Asahel, Turn away from following me: why should I strike you to the ground? how shall I lift up my face to Joabיוֹאָב‎
Modern: Yōʼav, the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army means ‘YHVH [is] father
your brother?

2:23 However he refused to turn away: so Abnerאַבְנֵר
ʾAḇnēr) was the cousin of King Saul and the commander-in-chief of his army.His name also appears asאבינר בן נר‎ “Abiner son of Ner”, where the longer form Abiner means “my father is Ner”
with the rear end of the spear struck him under the fifth rib, that the spear came out of his back; and he fell down there, and died in the same place: and it so happened, that as all that came to the place where Asahel fell down and died they stood still.

2:24 Joabיוֹאָב‎
Modern: Yōʼav, the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army means ‘YHVH [is] father
also and Abishai pursued after Abnerאַבְנֵר
ʾAḇnēr) was the cousin of King Saul and the commander-in-chief of his army.His name also appears asאבינר בן נר‎ “Abiner son of Ner”, where the longer form Abiner means “my father is Ner”
: and the sun went down when they came to the hill of Ammah, that lies before Giah [on] the road of the wilderness of Gibeonגִּבְעוֹן
giḇʻôn, giv’ôn a Canaanite city north of Jerusalem that was conquered by Joshua
.

2:25 And the sons of Benjamin gathered themselves together after Abnerאַבְנֵר
ʾAḇnēr) was the cousin of King Saul and the commander-in-chief of his army.His name also appears asאבינר בן נר‎ “Abiner son of Ner”, where the longer form Abiner means “my father is Ner”
, and became one troop, and stood on the top of a hill.

2:26 Then Abnerאַבְנֵר
ʾAḇnēr) was the cousin of King Saul and the commander-in-chief of his army.His name also appears asאבינר בן נר‎ “Abiner son of Ner”, where the longer form Abiner means “my father is Ner”
called to Joabיוֹאָב‎
Modern: Yōʼav, the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army means ‘YHVH [is] father
, and said, Shall the sword devour forever? Don’t
you know that it will be bitterness to the end? how long will it be then, that you tell the people to return from after their brothers?
2:27 And Joabיוֹאָב‎
Modern: Yōʼav, the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army means ‘YHVH [is] father
said, As Elohimאֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
lives, if you hadn’t spoken, surely then in the morning the people had gone up, each one from following his brother.

2:28 So Joabיוֹאָב‎
Modern: Yōʼav, the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army means ‘YHVH [is] father
blew a trumpet, and all the people stood still, and didn’t pursue Israel anymore, nor did
they fight  anymore.
2:29 And Abnerאַבְנֵר
ʾAḇnēr) was the cousin of King Saul and the commander-in-chief of his army.His name also appears asאבינר בן נר‎ “Abiner son of Ner”, where the longer form Abiner means “my father is Ner”
and his men walked all that night through the plain, and crossed over Jordan, and went through all Bithron, and they came to Mahanaimמַחֲנַיִם
Maḥănayīm, “camps”) is a place mentioned a number of times by the Bible said to be near Jabbok, in the same general area as Jabesh-gilead, beyond the Jordan River. Although two possible sites have been identified, the precise location of Mahanaim is uncertain. Tell edh-Dhahab el-Gharbi, the western one of the twin Tulul adh-Dhahab tells, is one proposed identification.
.

2:30 And Joabיוֹאָב‎
Modern: Yōʼav, the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army means ‘YHVH [is] father
returned from following Abnerאַבְנֵר
ʾAḇnēr) was the cousin of King Saul and the commander-in-chief of his army.His name also appears asאבינר בן נר‎ “Abiner son of Ner”, where the longer form Abiner means “my father is Ner”
: and [he] had gathered all the people together, there lacking
nineteen men of David’s servants, and Asahel.
2:31 But the servants of Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
had struck Benjamin, and Abnerאַבְנֵר
ʾAḇnēr) was the cousin of King Saul and the commander-in-chief of his army.His name also appears asאבינר בן נר‎ “Abiner son of Ner”, where the longer form Abiner means “my father is Ner”
‘s men, so that three hundred sixty men died.

2:32 And they took up Asahel, and buried him in the sepulcher | ˈsepəlkər | (British sepulchre)
noun – a small room or monument, cut in rock or built of stone, in which a dead person is laid or buried. — verb [with object] literary lay or bury in or as if in a sepulcher: – serve as a burial place for – Middle English: via Old French from Latin sepulcrum ‘burial place’, from sepelire ‘bury’.
of his father, which was in Bethlehem בֵּית לֶחֶם
/ˈbɛθlɪhɛm/; Bet Leḥem literally “house of bread” or “house of food.”
. And Joabיוֹאָב‎
Modern: Yōʼav, the son of Zeruiah, was the nephew of King David and the commander of his army means ‘YHVH [is] father
and his men went all night, and they came to Hebronחֶבְרוֹן
Ḥevrōn is a Palestinian city in the southern West Bank, 19 mi south of Jerusalem. Nestled in the Judaean Mountains, it lies 3,050 ft above sea level.The city is often considered one of the four holy cities in Judaism as well as in Islam.
at break of day.

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    • A wedding celebration is considered a sacred time in Jewish culture, enriched with deep tradition and meaning. During the Torah reading, the groom is respectfully called up to the Bimah, surrounded by the wholehearted love and support of his community. This time-honored ceremony links us to our history and showcases our bright future brimming with […]
    • This array of vessels from Jerusalem provides evidence of the stone-craving industry that flourished in the city at the end of the Second Temple Period (form the first century B.C.E. until the Roman destruction of Jerusalem in 70 C.E.). Highly skilled artisans carved this collection, which includes small household mugs (foreground), a wine jar (left […]
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