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2nd Samuel Chapter 1

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The Amalekite informer

1:1NOW it so happened after the death of Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
, when David (/ˈdeɪvɪd/; Biblical Hebrew: דָּוִד‎, romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. had returned from the slaughter of the Amalekitesעֲמָלֵק
(/ˈæməlɛk/;’Ămālēq,
عماليق
‘Amālīq) was a nation described in the Hebrew Bible as a staunch enemy of the Israelites. The name “Amalek” can refer to the nation’s founder, a grandson of Esau; his descendants, the Amalekites; or the territories of Amalek, which they inhabited. In some rabbinical interpretations, Amalek is etymologised as am lak, ‘a people who lick (blood)’ For more info click here
, and Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
had stayed two days in Ziklagצִקְלַג
is the biblical name of a town that was located in the Negev region in the south-west of what was the Kingdom of Judah. It was a provincial town within the Philistine kingdom of Gath when Achish was king. Its exact location has not been identified with any certainty.
;

1:2 It so happened on the third day, that, a man came out of the camp from Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
with his clothes torn, and earth On his head: and so it was, when he came to Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, that he fell to the earth, and prostrated himself.

1:3 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
said to him, From where are you coming? And he said to him, Out of the camp of Israel I escaped.

1:4 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
said to him, How did the matter go? Please tell me. And he answered, The people fled from the battle, and many of the people also have fallen and died; and Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
and Jonathanיְהוֹנָתָן
Yəhōnāṯān “Yahweh has gifted” For more info click here
his son are dead too.

1:5 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
said to the young man who was telling him, How do you know that Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
and Jonathanיְהוֹנָתָן
Yəhōnāṯān “Yahweh has gifted” For more info click here
his son are dead?

1:6 And the young man that was telling him said, As I happened by chance upon mount Gilboa, see, Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
leaning on his spear; and, lo, the chariots and horsemen closely followed him.

1:7 And when he looked behind him, and he saw me, and called to me. And I answered, Here am I.
1:8 And he said to me, Who are you? And I answered him, I am an Amalekitesעֲמָלֵק
(/ˈæməlɛk/;’Ămālēq,
عماليق
‘Amālīq) was a nation described in the Hebrew Bible as a staunch enemy of the Israelites. The name “Amalek” can refer to the nation’s founder, a grandson of Esau; his descendants, the Amalekites; or the territories of Amalek, which they inhabited. In some rabbinical interpretations, Amalek is etymologised as am lak, ‘a people who lick (blood)’ For more info click here
.

1:9 He said to me, Please stand, over me, and kill me: because all my life is still in me.
1:10 So I stood over him, and killed him, because I was sure that he could not live after his falling: and I took the crown that was on his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them here to my lord.
1:11 Then Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
took hold on his clothes, and ripped them; and also all the men that were with him:

1:12 And they mourned, and wept, and fasted until the evening, for Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
, and for Jonathanיְהוֹנָתָן
Yəhōnāṯān “Yahweh has gifted” For more info click here
his son, and for the people of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
, and for the house of Israel; because they were fallen by the sword.

1:13 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
said to the young man that told him, From where are you? And he answered, I am the son of a stranger, an Amalekiteעֲמָלֵק
(/ˈæməlɛk/;’Ămālēq,
عماليق
‘Amālīq) was a nation described in the Hebrew Bible as a staunch enemy of the Israelites. The name “Amalek” can refer to the nation’s founder, a grandson of Esau; his descendants, the Amalekites; or the territories of Amalek, which they inhabited. In some rabbinical interpretations, Amalek is etymologised as am lak, ‘a people who lick (blood)’ For more info click here
.

1:14 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
said to him, Why were you not afraid to stretch forth your hand to destroy YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
‘s anointed?

1:15 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
called one of the young men, and said, Draw near, and fall on him. And he struck him and he died.

1:16 Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
said to him, Your blood be on your own head; because your mouth has testified against you, saying, I have put to death YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
‘s anointed.

David’s lamention

1:17 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
sang this death-dirge over Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
and over Jonathanיְהוֹנָתָן
Yəhōnāṯān “Yahweh has gifted” For more info click here
his son:

1:18 (Also he said to teach the children of Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
the song of the bow: See, it is written in the book of Jasherספר הישר
Sefer haYashar is a medieval Hebrew midrash, also known as the Toledot Adam and Divrei haYamim heArukh. The Hebrew title “Sefer haYashar” might be translated as the “Book of the Correct Record”, but it is known in English translation mostly as The Book of Jasher following English tradition. Its author is unknown.
.)

1:19 The beauty of Israel is slain upon your high places: how are the mighty fallen!
1:20 Don’t tell it in Gath, don’t make it known in the streets of Askelon; so that the daughters of the Philistines don’t rejoice, that the daughters of the uncircumcised don’t triumph.
1:21 Mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew, or let there be rain, on you, or fields of offerings: because there the shield of the mighty is vilely thrown away, the shield of Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
, as though he had not been anointed with oil.

1:22 From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty, the bow of Jonathanיְהוֹנָתָן
Yəhōnāṯān “Yahweh has gifted” For more info click here
didn’t draw back, and the sword of Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
didn’t return empty.

1:23 Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
and Jonathanיְהוֹנָתָן
Yəhōnāṯān “Yahweh has gifted” For more info click here
were beloved and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not parted. They were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions.

1:24 Ya’ll daughters of Israel, weep over Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
, who clothed you in scarlet delights, who put ornaments of gold on your clothing.

1:25 How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle! O Jonathanיְהוֹנָתָן
Yəhōnāṯān “Yahweh has gifted” For more info click here
, is slain on your high places.

1:26 I am distressed over you, my brother Jonathanיְהוֹנָתָן
Yəhōnāṯān “Yahweh has gifted” For more info click here
: very pleasant to me: your love to me was wonderful, more than the love of women.

1:27 How are the mighty fallen, and the weapons of war perished!

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