My Study Bible

Ezra Chapter 4

Search just this page

Opponents hinder the building of the Temple


4:1 NOW when the enemies of Judah and Benjamin heard that the sons of the captivity built the temple to YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
Elahאֱלָהּ
Transliteration: ‘ĕlâ Pronunciation: el-aw’ pl. Elim or Elohim; Imperial Aramaic: אלהא‏ is the Aramaic word for God and the absolute singular form of אלהא‏, ʾilāhā. The origin of the word is from Proto-Semitic and is thus cognate to the Hebrew, Arabic, Akkadian, and other Semitic languages’ words for god. For more info click here See also click here
of Israel;
4:2 Then they came to Zerubbabel, and to the head of the fathers, and said to them, Let us build with you: for we seek your El Haiאלהי
“Living El” (EL=God) For more info click here
, as ya’ll do; and we do sacrifice to Him since the days of Esarhaddon king of Assur, who brought us up here.
4:3 But Zerubbabel, and Jeshuaיֵשׁוּעַ
romanized: Yēšūaʿ, lit. ‘Yahweh is salvation’) was a common alternative form of the name Yehoshua (Hebrew: יְהוֹשֻׁעַ, romanized: Yəhōšūaʿ, lit. ’Joshua’) in later books of the Hebrew Bible and among Jews of the Second Temple period. The name corresponds to the Greek spelling Iesous (Ἰησοῦς), from which, through the Latin IESVS/Iesus, comes the English spelling Jesus meaning salvation. For more info click here
, and the rest of the chief of the fathers of Israel, said to them, [Its] not for ya’ll and us to build a house to our El Haiאלהי
“Living El” (EL=God) For more info click here
; but we ourselves
will together build to YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
El Haiאלהי
“Living El” (EL=God) For more info click here
of Israel, as king Cyrus the king of Persia has commanded us.
4:4 Then the people of the land weakened the hands of the people of Judah, and terrified them in building,
4:5 And [they] hired counselors against them, to frustrate their purpose, all the days of Cyrus king of Persia, even until the reign of Darius king of Persia.
4:6 And in the reign of Ahasuerus, in the beginning of his reign,
they wrote an accusation against the people of Judah and Jerusalem.

Letter to Artaxerxes


4:7 And in the days of Artaxerxesאַרְתַּחְשַׁשְׂתְּא
Artaḥšaśtəʾ, אַרְתַּחְשַׁסְתְּא ʾArtaḥšastəʾ, or אַרְתַּחְשַׁשְׂתָּא ʾArtaḥšaśtāʾwas the fifth King of Kings of the Achaemenid Empire, from 465 to December 424 BC.He was the third son of Xerxes I. In Greek sources he is also surnamed “long-handed” (Ancient Greek: μακρόχειρ Makrókheir; Latin: Longimanus), allegedly because his right hand was longer than his left. For more info click here
  Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabeel, and the rest of their associates, wrote to Artaxerxesאַרְתַּחְשַׁשְׂתְּא
Artaḥšaśtəʾ, אַרְתַּחְשַׁסְתְּא ʾArtaḥšastəʾ, or אַרְתַּחְשַׁשְׂתָּא ʾArtaḥšaśtāʾwas the fifth King of Kings of the Achaemenid Empire, from 465 to December 424 BC.He was the third son of Xerxes I. In Greek sources he is also surnamed “long-handed” (Ancient Greek: μακρόχειρ Makrókheir; Latin: Longimanus), allegedly because his right hand was longer than his left. For more info click here
king of Persia; and the writing of the letter was written in the Aramaic, and translated [from] Aramaic.
4:8 Rehum the master of counsel in charge, and Shimshai the scribe (or secretary) wrote a letter against Jerusalem to Artaxerxesאַרְתַּחְשַׁשְׂתְּא
Artaḥšaśtəʾ, אַרְתַּחְשַׁסְתְּא ʾArtaḥšastəʾ, or אַרְתַּחְשַׁשְׂתָּא ʾArtaḥšaśtāʾwas the fifth King of Kings of the Achaemenid Empire, from 465 to December 424 BC.He was the third son of Xerxes I. In Greek sources he is also surnamed “long-handed” (Ancient Greek: μακρόχειρ Makrókheir; Latin: Longimanus), allegedly because his right hand was longer than his left. For more info click here
the king in this sort:
4:9 Then Rehum [the] master of the counsel, and Shimshai the scribe, and the rest of their associates; the Dinaites, the Apharsathchites, the Tarpelites, the Apharsites, the Archevites, the Babylonians, the Susanchites, the Dehavites, and the Elamites
wrote,
4:10 And the rest of the nations whom the great and noble Asnapper brought over, and set in the cities of Samaria, and the rest of [the province] Beyond the River, and now.
4:11 This is the copy of the letter that they sent to him, even to Artaxerxesאַרְתַּחְשַׁשְׂתְּא
Artaḥšaśtəʾ, אַרְתַּחְשַׁסְתְּא ʾArtaḥšastəʾ, or אַרְתַּחְשַׁשְׂתָּא ʾArtaḥšaśtāʾwas the fifth King of Kings of the Achaemenid Empire, from 465 to December 424 BC.He was the third son of Xerxes I. In Greek sources he is also surnamed “long-handed” (Ancient Greek: μακρόχειρ Makrókheir; Latin: Longimanus), allegedly because his right hand was longer than his left. For more info click here
the king; your servants the men of [the province] Beyond the River, and at such a time.
4:12 Be it known to the king, that the Jews which came up from you to us are come to Jerusalem, rebuilding the rebellious and the evil city, and and are the walls of it, and joined the foundations.
4:13 Let be it known now to the king, that, if this city is rebuilt, and the walls are completed,
they will not give tax, tribute, and forced labor, and it will cause the kings revenue to suffer.
4:14 Now because we have partaken from the palace salt, and it was not right for us to see the king’s dishonor, therefore have we sent and notified the king;
4:15 So that he may search in the book of the records of your fathers: so will you discover in the book of the records, and know that this city is a rebellious city, and hurtful to kings and provinces, and insurrection was stirred up in the past: for that reason was [this] city was destroyed.
4:16 We notify the king that, if this city is rebuilt, and its walls completed, then you will have no portion Beyond the River.

A decree


4:17 Then
the king sent an answer to Rehum the master of counsel, and to Shimshai the scribe, and to the rest of their associates that live in Samaria, and to the rest Beyond the River, Peace, and at such a time.
4:18 The letter which ya’ll sent to us has been plainly read before me.
4:19 And I made a decree, and search has been made, and it is found that this city has lifted up itself against kings in the past, and that rebellion and revolt have been made in it.
4:20 There have been mighty kings also over Jerusalem, which have ruled over all Beyond the River; and tax, tribute, and forced labor, were paid to them.
4:21 Now make a decree to cause these men to cease, and that this city be not rebuilt, until the decree shall be given from me.
4:22 Now beware of being at fault not to act on this. Why should damage grow to the hurt of [the] kings?
4:23 Now as soon as the copy of letter of king Artaxerxesאַרְתַּחְשַׁשְׂתְּא
Artaḥšaśtəʾ, אַרְתַּחְשַׁסְתְּא ʾArtaḥšastəʾ, or אַרְתַּחְשַׁשְׂתָּא ʾArtaḥšaśtāʾwas the fifth King of Kings of the Achaemenid Empire, from 465 to December 424 BC.He was the third son of Xerxes I. In Greek sources he is also surnamed “long-handed” (Ancient Greek: μακρόχειρ Makrókheir; Latin: Longimanus), allegedly because his right hand was longer than his left. For more info click here
‘ was read before Rehum, and Shimshai the scribe, and their associates, they
hurried to Jerusalem to the Jews, and made them stop working by force and power.
4:24 Then
the work of the house of Elahאֱלָהּ
Transliteration: ‘ĕlâ Pronunciation: el-aw’ pl. Elim or Elohim; Imperial Aramaic: אלהא‏ is the Aramaic word for God and the absolute singular form of אלהא‏, ʾilāhā. The origin of the word is from Proto-Semitic and is thus cognate to the Hebrew, Arabic, Akkadian, and other Semitic languages’ words for god. For more info click here See also click here
at Jerusalem stopped. So it ceased to the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia.

Categories
    • Judgement on the wicked Blessing on the good Elijah's coming
    • A messenger to prepare the way The Coming of Yahweh Infidelity of the people Promise of blessing
    • Priests to Be Disciplined 2:1 And now, O ya’ll priestsכֹּהֲנִיםkôhên, ko-hane’ Kohenim = priests, Plural principal officers or chief rulers For more info click here, this commandment is on you.2:2 If ya’ll don’t listen, and if ya’ll don’t take [it] to heart, to give honor to My Name, says YAHWEH יְהֹוָה‎Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of […]
    • Malachi complains about Israel's ingratitude Irreligion and profanity charged against Israel
    • Destruction of Jerusalem Jerusalem's reestablishment All nations to worship Yahweh of hosts
    • Jerusalem's spring of cleansing from idolatry and false prophecy A sword turned against enemies
    • Jerusalem a door of trembling Restoration of Judah Jerusalem's repentance
    • A day of visitation Destruction of Jerusalem The staffs of Kindness and Sorrow broken The foolish shepherd
    • God to be sought out God visits for sin yet he will save
    • Prophecies against neighboring nations Zion is urged to rejoice for the coming of Messiah Victory is promised
    • Jerusalem's restoration Encouragement to build Favors to Judah
    • An inquiry about fasting Zechariah tells the real reason for captivity
    • Vision of four chariots Joshua's crown Zemah and the Temple
    • Flying Scrolls the curse of thieves and false swearers Babylon's ruin
    • The golden menroah Zerubbabel's foundation Olive trees and anointed men
    • Protection against the Satan
    • Measurement of Jerusalem Redemption Of Zion God's presence promised
    • Zechariah’s exhortation Vision of the horses Promises to Jerusalem A vision of horns and carpenters
    • Haggai encourages the people Greater glory of the second temple A promise to Zerubbabel
    • Time of Haggai Haggai reproves the people’s indifference Haggai urges the people to build the house God’s Assistance promised