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1st Samuel Chapter 16

David and Saul Julius Kronberg - 1885, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

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Samuel and Jesse’s sons

16:1 AND YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
said to Samuel שְׁמוּאֵל
Šəmūʾēl appears to be constructed from the Hebrew Śāmū (שָׂמוּ)+ ʾĒl, meaning “God has set” or “God has placed”. This meaning relating to the idea of God setting/placing a child in the womb, alongside Hannah dedicating Samuel as a Nazirite to God. For more info click here
, How long will you mourn for Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go, I will send you to Jesse the Beth-lehemite: for I have decided on one of his sons to be king.

16:2 And Samuel שְׁמוּאֵל
Šəmūʾēl appears to be constructed from the Hebrew Śāmū (שָׂמוּ)+ ʾĒl, meaning “God has set” or “God has placed”. This meaning relating to the idea of God setting/placing a child in the womb, alongside Hannah dedicating Samuel as a Nazirite to God. For more info click here
said, How can I go? If Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
hears it, he will kill me. And YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
said, Take a heifer with you, and say, I have come to sacrifice to YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
.

16:3 And call Jesse to the sacrifice feast, and then I will show you what you shall do: and you shall anoint for Me him whom I point out to you.
16:4 And Samuel שְׁמוּאֵל
Šəmūʾēl appears to be constructed from the Hebrew Śāmū (שָׂמוּ)+ ʾĒl, meaning “God has set” or “God has placed”. This meaning relating to the idea of God setting/placing a child in the womb, alongside Hannah dedicating Samuel as a Nazirite to God. For more info click here
did that which YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
commanded. When he came to Beth-lehem, the elders of the town went out in alarm to meet him, and said, Do you come peaceably?

16:5 And he said, Peaceably: I have come to sacrifice to YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
: sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrificial feast. He sanctified Jesse and his sons, and called them to the sacrificial feast.

16:6 ¶ When they arrived, that he looked on Eliab, and thought, Surely YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
’s anointed is before him.

16:7 But YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
said to Samuel שְׁמוּאֵל
Šəmūʾēl appears to be constructed from the Hebrew Śāmū (שָׂמוּ)+ ʾĒl, meaning “God has set” or “God has placed”. This meaning relating to the idea of God setting/placing a child in the womb, alongside Hannah dedicating Samuel as a Nazirite to God. For more info click here
, Pay no attention to his appearance or his stature; because I have rejected him. For YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
sees not as man sees; for man looks on the outward appearance, but YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
looks into the heart.

16:8 Then Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel שְׁמוּאֵל
Šəmūʾēl appears to be constructed from the Hebrew Śāmū (שָׂמוּ)+ ʾĒl, meaning “God has set” or “God has placed”. This meaning relating to the idea of God setting/placing a child in the womb, alongside Hannah dedicating Samuel as a Nazirite to God. For more info click here
. And he said, YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
hasn’t chosen this one either.

16:9 Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by. And he said, YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
hasn’t chosen this one either.

16:10 Again, Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel שְׁמוּאֵל
Šəmūʾēl appears to be constructed from the Hebrew Śāmū (שָׂמוּ)+ ʾĒl, meaning “God has set” or “God has placed”. This meaning relating to the idea of God setting/placing a child in the womb, alongside Hannah dedicating Samuel as a Nazirite to God. For more info click here
. And Samuel שְׁמוּאֵל
Šəmūʾēl appears to be constructed from the Hebrew Śāmū (שָׂמוּ)+ ʾĒl, meaning “God has set” or “God has placed”. This meaning relating to the idea of God setting/placing a child in the womb, alongside Hannah dedicating Samuel as a Nazirite to God. For more info click here
said to Jesse, YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
has not chosen any of these.

16:11 And Samuel שְׁמוּאֵל
Šəmūʾēl appears to be constructed from the Hebrew Śāmū (שָׂמוּ)+ ʾĒl, meaning “God has set” or “God has placed”. This meaning relating to the idea of God setting/placing a child in the womb, alongside Hannah dedicating Samuel as a Nazirite to God. For more info click here
said to Jesse, Are all your boys here? And he said, There is still the youngest, he is tending the flock. And Samuel שְׁמוּאֵל
Šəmūʾēl appears to be constructed from the Hebrew Śāmū (שָׂמוּ)+ ʾĒl, meaning “God has set” or “God has placed”. This meaning relating to the idea of God setting/placing a child in the womb, alongside Hannah dedicating Samuel as a Nazirite to God. For more info click here
said to Jesse, Send someone to bring him, for we will not sit down and eat till he gets here.

16:12 And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy cheeked, bright eyed and handsome. And YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
said, Rise and anoint him, for this is the one.

David anointed

16:13 Samuel שְׁמוּאֵל
Šəmūʾēl appears to be constructed from the Hebrew Śāmū (שָׂמוּ)+ ʾĒl, meaning “God has set” or “God has placed”. This meaning relating to the idea of God setting/placing a child in the womb, alongside Hannah dedicating Samuel as a Nazirite to God. For more info click here
took the horn of oil and anointed him in the presence of his brothers: and the Spirit of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
gripped Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
from that day forward. So Samuel שְׁמוּאֵל
Šəmūʾēl appears to be constructed from the Hebrew Śāmū (שָׂמוּ)+ ʾĒl, meaning “God has set” or “God has placed”. This meaning relating to the idea of God setting/placing a child in the womb, alongside Hannah dedicating Samuel as a Nazirite to God. For more info click here
set out for RamahRamathaim-Zophim (Hebrew: רמתיים־צופים) also called Ramah (רָמָה‎) and Ramatha in the Douay–Rheims Bible translation (Ramathaimsophim in the Vulgate), is a city from the Hebrew Bible, the home town and resting place of prophet Samuel. The name of the town means “the heights of the views.”.

16:14 But the Spirit of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
departed from Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
, and an evil spirit from YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
troubled him.

16:15 And Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
’s servants said to him, Behold now, an evil spirit from God troubles you.

16:16 Let our lord now command your servants, which are before you, to seek out a man, who is a cunning player on an harp: and it shall come to pass, when the evil spirit from God is upon you, that he shall play with his hand, and you shall be well.
16:17 And Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
said to his servants, Provide me now a man that can play well, and bring him to me.

16:18 Then answered one of the servants, and said, Look, I have seen a son of Jesse the Beth-lehemite, that is cunning in playing, and a mighty valiant man, and a man of war, and prudent in matters, and a comely person, and YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
is with him.

Saul favors David

16:19 ¶ Wherefore Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
sent messengers to Jesse, and said, Send me Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
your son, which is with the sheep.

16:20 And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
his son to Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
.

16:21 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
came to Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
, and stood before him: and he loved him greatly; and he became his armor bearer.

16:22 And Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
sent to Jesse, saying, Let Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, I beg you, stand before me; for he has found favor in my sight.

16:23 And it happened, when the evil spirit from God was upon Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
, that Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
took an harp, and played with his hand: so Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
was refreshed, and was well, and the evil spirit departed from him.

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