My Study Bible

1st Samuel Chapter 14

Search just this page

Jonathan’s exploit

14:1 NOW it so happened on a day, that Jonathan the son of Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
said to the young man that bare his armor, Come, and let us go over to the Philistines’ garrison, that is on the other side. But he told not his father.

14:2 And Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
stayed in the uttermost part of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which is in Migron: and the people that were with him were about six hundred men;

14:3 And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, I-chabod’s brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
’s priest in Shiloh, wearing an ephod noun (in ancient Israel) a sleeveless garment worn by Jewish priests — ORIGIN late Middle English: from Hebrew ‘ēp̱ōḏ.. And the people knew not that Jonathan was gone.

14:4 ¶ And between the passages, by which Jonathan sought to go over to the Philistines’ garrison, there was a sharp rock on the one side, and a sharp rock on the other side: and the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh.
14:5 The forefront of the one was situate northward over against Michmash, and the other southward over against Gibeah.
14:6 And Jonathan said to the young man that bare his armor, Come, and let us go over to the garrison of these uncircumcised: it may be that YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
will work for us: for there is no restraint to YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
to save by many or by few.

14:7 And his armor bearer said to him, Do all that is in your heart: turn you; see, I am with you according to your heart.
14:8 Then said Jonathan, Look, we will pass over to these men, and we will discover ourselves to them.
14:9 If they say this to us, Tarry until we come to you; then we will stand still in our place, and will not go up to them.
14:10 But if they say this, Come up to us; then we will go up: for YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
has delivered them into our hand: and this shall be a sign to us.

14:11 And both of them discovered themselves to the garrison of the Philistines: and the Philistines said, Look, the Hebrewsעברי
The biblical term Ivri Hebrew pronunciation: [ʕivˈri]), meaning “to traverse” or “to pass over”, is usually rendered as Hebrew in English from ever (עֵבֶר) ‘beyond, across’ (avar (עָבַר ‘he crossed, he traversed’), as a description of migrants ‘from across the river’ as the Bible describes the Hebrews.
come forth out of the holes where they had hid themselves.

14:12 And the men of the garrison answered Jonathan and his armor bearer, and said, Come up to us, and we will show you a thing. And Jonathan said to his armor bearer, Come up after me: for YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
has delivered them into the hand of Israel.

14:13 And Jonathan climbed up upon his hands and upon his feet, and his armor bearer after him: and they fell before Jonathan; and his armor bearer killed after him.
14:14 And that first slaughter, which Jonathan and his armor bearer made, was about twenty men, within as it were an half acre of land, which a yoke of oxen might plow.
14:15 And there was trembling in the host, in the field, and among all the people: the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled, and the earth quaked: so it was a very great trembling.
14:16 And the watchmen of Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
in Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and, see, the multitude melted away, and they went on beating down one another.

14:17 Then Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
said to the people that were with him, Number now, and see who is gone from us. And when they had numbered, look, Jonathan and his armor bearer were not there.

14:18 And Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
said to Ahiah, Bring the ark of God here. For the ark of God was at that time with the children of Israel.

14:19 ¶ And it happened, while Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
talked to the priest, that the noise that was in the host of the Philistines went on and increased: and Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
said to the priest, Withdraw your hand.

14:20 And Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
and all the people that were with him assembled themselves, and they came to the battle: and, see, every man’s sword was against his fellow, and there was a very great disorientation.

14:21 Moreover the Hebrewsעברי
The biblical term Ivri Hebrew pronunciation: [ʕivˈri]), meaning “to traverse” or “to pass over”, is usually rendered as Hebrew in English from ever (עֵבֶר) ‘beyond, across’ (avar (עָבַר ‘he crossed, he traversed’), as a description of migrants ‘from across the river’ as the Bible describes the Hebrews.
that were with the Philistines before that time, which went up with them into the camp from the country round about, even they also turned to be with the Israelites that were with Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
and Jonathan.

14:22 Likewise all the men of Israel which had hid themselves in mount Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines fled, even they also followed hard after them in the battle.
14:23 So YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
saved Israel that day: and the battle passed over to Beth-aven.

14:24 ¶ And the men of Israel were distressed that day: for Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
had adjured the people, saying, Cursed be the man that eats any food until evening, that I may be avenged on my enemies. So none of the people tasted any food.

14:25 And all they of the land came to a wood; and there was honey upon the ground.
14:26 And when the people were come into the wood, look, the honey dropped; but no man put his hand to his mouth: for the people feared the oath.

Jonathan’s eats forbidden fruit

14:27 But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath: wherefore he put forth the end of the rod that was in his hand, and dipped it in an honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened.
14:28 Then answered one of the people, and said, your father straightly charged the people with an oath, saying, Cursed be the man that eats any food this day. And the people were faint.
14:29 Then said Jonathan, My father has troubled the land: see, I beg you, how my eyes have been enlightened, because I tasted a little of this honey.
14:30 How much more, if haply the people had eaten freely to day of the spoil of their enemies which they found? for had there not been now a much greater slaughter among the Philistines?
14:31 And they struck the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon: and the people were very faint.
14:32 And the people flew upon the spoil, and took sheep, and oxen, and calves, and killed them on the ground: and the people did eat them with the blood.
14:33 ¶ Then they told Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
, saying, See, the people sin against YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
, in that they eat with the blood. And he said, y’all have transgressed: roll a great stone to me this day.

14:34 And Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
said, Disperse yourselves among the people, and say to them, Bring me hither every man his ox, and every man his sheep, and kill them here, and eat; and sin not against YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
in eating with the blood. And all the people brought every man his ox with him that night, and killed them there.

14:35 And Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
built an altar to YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
: the same was the first altar that he built to YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
.

14:36 ¶ And Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
said, Let us go down after the Philistines by night, and spoil them until the morning light, and let us not leave a man of them. And they said, Do whatever seems good to you. Then said the priest, Let us draw near to God here.

14:37 And Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
asked counsel of God, Shall I go down after the Philistines? will you deliver them into the hand of Israel? But he didn’t answered him that day.

14:38 And Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
said, Draw y’all near here, all the chief of the people: and know and see wherein this sin has been this day.

14:39 For, as YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
lives, which saves Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die. But there was not a man among all the people that answered him.

14:40 Then said he to all Israel, Be y’all on one side, and I and Jonathan my son will be on the other side. And the people said to Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
, Do what seems good to you.

14:41 Therefore Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
said to YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
God of Israel, Give a perfect lot. And Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
and Jonathan were taken: but the people escaped.

14:42 And Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son. And Jonathan was taken.

14:43 Then Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
said to Jonathan, Tell me what you have done. And Jonathan told him, and said, I did but taste a little honey with the end of the rod that was in my hand, and, lo, I must die.

14:44 And Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
answered, God do so and more also: for you shall surely die, Jonathan.

The people save Jonathan

14:45 And the people said to Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
, Shall Jonathan die, who has worked this great salvation in Israel? God forbid: as YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
lives, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground; for he has worked with God this day. So the people rescued Jonathan, so that he didn’t die.

14:46 Then Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
went up from following the Philistines: and the Philistines went to their own place.

14:47 ¶ So Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
took the kingdom over Israel, and fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, and against the children of Ammon, and against Edom, and against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines: and where ever he turned himself, he worried them.

14:48 And he gathered an host, and struck the Amalekitesעֲמָלֵק
(/ˈæməlɛk/;’Ămālēq,
عماليق
‘Amālīq) was a nation described in the Hebrew Bible as a staunch enemy of the Israelites. The name “Amalek” can refer to the nation’s founder, a grandson of Esau; his descendants, the Amalekites; or the territories of Amalek, which they inhabited. In some rabbinical interpretations, Amalek is etymologised as am lak, ‘a people who lick (blood)’ For more info click here
, and delivered Israel out of the hands of them that spoiled them.

14:49 Now the sons of Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
were Jonathan, and Ishui, and Melchi-shua: and the names of his two daughters were these; the name of the firstborn Merab, and the name of the younger Michal:

14:50 And the name of Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
’s wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz: and the name of the captain of his host was Abnerאַבְנֵר
ʾAḇnēr) was the cousin of King Saul and the commander-in-chief of his army.His name also appears asאבינר בן נר‎ “Abiner son of Ner”, where the longer form Abiner means “my father is Ner”
, the son of Ner, Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
’s uncle.

14:51 And Kish was the father of Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
; and Ner the father of Abnerאַבְנֵר
ʾAḇnēr) was the cousin of King Saul and the commander-in-chief of his army.His name also appears asאבינר בן נר‎ “Abiner son of Ner”, where the longer form Abiner means “my father is Ner”
was the son of Abiel.

14:52 And there was sore war against the Philistines all the days of Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
: and when Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
saw any strong man, or any mighty man, he took him to him.

Categories
    • Judgement on the wicked Blessing on the good Elijah's coming
    • A messenger to prepare the way The Coming of Yahweh Infidelity of the people Promise of blessing
    • Priests to Be Disciplined 2:1 And now, O ya’ll priestsכֹּהֲנִיםkôhên, ko-hane’ Kohenim = priests, Plural principal officers or chief rulers For more info click here, this commandment is on you.2:2 If ya’ll don’t listen, and if ya’ll don’t take [it] to heart, to give honor to My Name, says YAHWEH יְהֹוָה‎Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of […]
    • Malachi complains about Israel's ingratitude Irreligion and profanity charged against Israel
    • Destruction of Jerusalem Jerusalem's reestablishment All nations to worship Yahweh of hosts
    • Jerusalem's spring of cleansing from idolatry and false prophecy A sword turned against enemies
    • Jerusalem a door of trembling Restoration of Judah Jerusalem's repentance
    • A day of visitation Destruction of Jerusalem The staffs of Kindness and Sorrow broken The foolish shepherd
    • God to be sought out God visits for sin yet he will save
    • Prophecies against neighboring nations Zion is urged to rejoice for the coming of Messiah Victory is promised
    • Jerusalem's restoration Encouragement to build Favors to Judah
    • An inquiry about fasting Zechariah tells the real reason for captivity
    • Vision of four chariots Joshua's crown Zemah and the Temple
    • Flying Scrolls the curse of thieves and false swearers Babylon's ruin
    • The golden menroah Zerubbabel's foundation Olive trees and anointed men
    • Protection against the Satan
    • Measurement of Jerusalem Redemption Of Zion God's presence promised
    • Zechariah’s exhortation Vision of the horses Promises to Jerusalem A vision of horns and carpenters
    • Haggai encourages the people Greater glory of the second temple A promise to Zerubbabel
    • Time of Haggai Haggai reproves the people’s indifference Haggai urges the people to build the house God’s Assistance promised