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1st Samuel Chapter 29

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The Philistines mistrust David

29:1 NOW the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites camped at a spring in Jezreel.
29:2 And the rulers of the Philistines were marching on by hundreds, and by thousands: and Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
and his men marched last with Achish.

29:3 Then said the princes of the Philistines, What are these Hebrews The biblical term Ivri (עברי; Hebrew pronunciation: [ʕivˈri]), meaning “to traverse” or “to pass over”, is usually rendered as Hebrew in English from ever (עֵבֶר) ‘beyond, across’ (avar (עָבַר) ‘he crossed, he traversed’), as a description of migrants ‘from across the river’ as the Bible describes the Hebrews. doing here? And Achish said to the princes of the Philistines, Isn’t this Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, the servant of Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
the king of Israel, who has been with me these days and these years, and I have found anything evil in him since he fell away until this day?

29:4 And the princes of the Philistines were angry against him; and the princes of the Philistines said to him, Send this man back, so he will return to his place where you have prearranged for him. And he will not go down with us into battle, otherwise in the battle he could become an enemy to us: what if should he reunite with his master, if not be with the heads of these men?
29:5 Isn’t this Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, of who they sang one to another in dances, saying,

Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
killed his thousands

Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
his ten thousands?

Achish dismisses David

29:6 ¶ Then Achish summoned Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, and said to him, As YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
lives, without question you have been upright in my eyes in your going out and your coming in with me in the camp. for I have not found evil in you from the day of your coming to me until now: but you aren’t good in the eyes of the rulers.

29:7 So now return, and go in peace, so that you don’t irritate the rulers of the Philistines.
29:8 ¶ And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
said to Achish, But what have I done? and what fault have you found in your servant from the day that I have been in your
company to this day, that I may not go fight against the enemies of my lord the king?
29:9 And Achish replied and said to Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, I know that you are good in my sight, as an angel of Elohimאֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
. But the princes of the Philistines have said, He will not go up with us into battle.

29:10 So now get up early in the morning with your master’s servants who have come with you. When you rise early in the morning, and have light, then leave.
29:11 So Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
and his men rose up early to leave in the morning, to return into the land of the Philistines. And the Philistines went up to Jezreel.

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