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1st Samuel Chapter 30

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Amalekite plunders

30:1 AND it so happened, when Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
and his men came to Ziklagצִקְלַג
is the biblical name of a town that was located in the Negev region in the south-west of what was the Kingdom of Judah. It was a provincial town within the Philistine kingdom of Gath when Achish was king. Its exact location has not been identified with any certainty.
on the third day, that the Amalekites had raided the south, and Ziklagצִקְלַג
is the biblical name of a town that was located in the Negev region in the south-west of what was the Kingdom of Judah. It was a provincial town within the Philistine kingdom of Gath when Achish was king. Its exact location has not been identified with any certainty.
, and struck Ziklagצִקְלַג
is the biblical name of a town that was located in the Negev region in the south-west of what was the Kingdom of Judah. It was a provincial town within the Philistine kingdom of Gath when Achish was king. Its exact location has not been identified with any certainty.
, and burned it with fire;

30:2 And had taken the women captives, that were in it: they didn’t kill anyone, either great or small, but led them away, and went on their way.

30:3 ¶ So Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
and his men came into the city, and, see, it was burned with fire; and their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, had been taken captives.

30:4 Then Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
and the people that were with him lifted up their voice and wept, until they had no more power to weep.

30:5 Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
’s two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigailאֲבִיגַיִל‎
Modern: ʾAvīgayīl, Tiberian: ʾAḇīḡayīl) Derived from the Hebrew word ab, “father”, and the Hebrew root g-y-l, “to rejoice,” the name Abigail has a variety of possible meanings including “my father’s joy” and “source of joy”
the former wife of Nabalנָבָל
Nāḇāl “fool”)
the Carmelite.

30:6 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
was greatly distressed; for the people spoke of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was angry, every man for his sons and for his daughters. But Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
encouraged himself in YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
his God.

30:7 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech’s son,Please, bring me near the ephod noun (in ancient Israel) a sleeveless garment worn by Jewish priests ORIGIN late Middle English: from Hebrew ‘ēp̱ōḏ. . And Abiathar brought the ephod noun (in ancient Israel) a sleeveless garment worn by Jewish priests ORIGIN late Middle English: from Hebrew ‘ēp̱ōḏ. to Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
.

30:8 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
asked of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
, saying, Shall I follow after this troop? shall I overtake them? And he answered him, Follow: for you shall certainly overtake them, and without fail recover all.

30:9 So Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
went on, he and the six hundred men that were with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those that were left behind stayed.

Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
‘s pursuit

30:10 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
pursued, he and four hundred men: for two hundred stayed behind, which were so exhausted pass over the brook Besor.

30:11 ¶ And they found an Egyptian in the field, and took him to Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, and gave him bread, and he ate. And they made him drink water;

30:12 And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two bunches of raisins: and he ate, and his spirit returned to him: And he had eaten no bread, or drunk any water, three days and three nights.
30:13 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
said to him, To whom do you belong? and where are you from? And he said, I am a young man of Egypt, slave to an Amalekiteעֲמָלֵק
(/ˈæməlɛk/;’Ămālēq,
عماليق
‘Amālīq) was a nation described in the Hebrew Bible as a staunch enemy of the Israelites. The name “Amalek” can refer to the nation’s founder, a grandson of Esau; his descendants, the Amalekites; or the territories of Amalek, which they inhabited. In some rabbinical interpretations, Amalek is etymologised as am lak, ‘a people who lick (blood)’ For more info click here
man. and my master left me, because three days ago I fell sick.

30:14 We made an raided the south of the Cherethites, and against the coast that belongs to Judah, and against the south of Caleb; and we burned Ziklagצִקְלַג
is the biblical name of a town that was located in the Negev region in the south-west of what was the Kingdom of Judah. It was a provincial town within the Philistine kingdom of Gath when Achish was king. Its exact location has not been identified with any certainty.
with fire.

30:15 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
said to him, Are you able to bring me down to this troop? And he said, Swear to me by Elohim (Hebrew: אֱלֹהִים, romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
, that you will neither kill me, or deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will bring you down to this troop.

30:16 ¶ And he brought him down and observed, that they were spread out over the face of the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing, because of all the great pillage that they had taken out of the land of the Philistines, and out of the land of Judah.
30:17 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
struck them from the twilight even to the evening of the next day: and not a man of them escaped them, except four hundred young men, who rode on camels, and fled.

30:18 And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
recovered all that the Amalekitesעֲמָלֵק
(/ˈæməlɛk/;’Ămālēq,
عماليق
‘Amālīq) was a nation described in the Hebrew Bible as a staunch enemy of the Israelites. The name “Amalek” can refer to the nation’s founder, a grandson of Esau; his descendants, the Amalekites; or the territories of Amalek, which they inhabited. In some rabbinical interpretations, Amalek is etymologised as am lak, ‘a people who lick (blood)’ For more info click here
had carried away: and Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
rescued his two wives.

30:19 And nothing was missing from them, neither small or great, to sons or daughters, from the pillage, even to anything that they had taken for themselves: David (/ˈdeɪvɪd/; Biblical Hebrew: דָּוִד‎, romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. recovered all of it.
30:20 And David (/ˈdeɪvɪd/; Biblical Hebrew: דָּוִד‎, romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. took all the flocks and the herds, which they drove before those cattle, and they said, This is David(/ˈdeɪvɪd/; Biblical Hebrew: דָּוִד‎, romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE.’s prize.
30:21 ¶ And David (/ˈdeɪvɪd/; Biblical Hebrew: דָּוִד‎, romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”)Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. came to the two hundred men, who were so exhausted that they couldn’t follow David (/ˈdeɪvɪd/; Biblical Hebrew: דָּוִד‎, romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE., whom they had caused to remain at the brook Besor: and they went out to meet David (/ˈdeɪvɪd/; Biblical Hebrew: דָּוִד‎, romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE., and to meet the people that were with him: and Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
came up to the people, he saluted them.

The law of spoils

30:22 Then every wicked and men of Belialבְּלִיַּעַל‎
Bəlīyyaʿal is a term occurring in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament which later became personified as the devil in Christian texts of the New Testament. Alternate spellings include Baalial, Balial, Belhor, Beliall, Beliar, Berial, Bylyl and Beliya’al. A Hebrew word “used to characterize the wicked or worthless”.
, of those that had gone with Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, answered, Because they didn’t with us, we will not give them any of the plunder that we have recovered, except to every man his wife and his children, and let them take them, and go away.

30:23 Then Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, said y’all shall not do so, my brethren, with that which YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
has given to us. And who has protected us, and delivered the troop that came against us into our hand.

30:24 For who will listen to you in this matter? For as his portion of him who goes down to the battle, so shall his share be that remains by the stuff. They shall share together.
30:25 And it was so from that day forward, that he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel to this day.
30:26 ¶ And Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
came to Ziklagצִקְלַג
is the biblical name of a town that was located in the Negev region in the south-west of what was the Kingdom of Judah. It was a provincial town within the Philistine kingdom of Gath when Achish was king. Its exact location has not been identified with any certainty.
, he sent of the plunder unto the elders of Judah, to his friends, saying, Look, a present for you of the plunder of the enemies of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here

30:27 To those in Beth-el, and to those Ramoth, and to those in Jattir,
30:28 And to those in Aroer, and to those in Siphmoth, and to those in Eshtemoa,
30:29 And to those in Rachal, and to thoose in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, and to them which were in the cities of the Kenites,
30:30 And to those in Hormah, and to those in Chor-ashan, and to those in Athach,
30:31 And to those in Hebronחֶבְרוֹן
Ḥevrōn is a Palestinian city in the southern West Bank, 19 mi south of Jerusalem. Nestled in the Judaean Mountains, it lies 3,050 ft above sea level.The city is often considered one of the four holy cities in Judaism as well as in Islam.
, and to all the places where Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
and his men had gone up and down.

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