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1st Samuel Chapter 4

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Israel struck

4:1 AND the word of Samuel שְׁמוּאֵל
Šəmūʾēl appears to be constructed from the Hebrew Śāmū (שָׂמוּ)+ ʾĒl, meaning “God has set” or “God has placed”. This meaning relating to the idea of God setting/placing a child in the womb, alongside Hannah dedicating Samuel as a Nazirite to God. For more info click here
was revealed to all Israel. Now Israel went out against the Philistinesפְּלִשְׁתִּים
romanized: Pəlīštīm; Koine Greek (LXX): Φυλιστιείμ, romanized: Phulistieím) were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan during the Iron Age. For more info click here
for battle, and camped beside Eben-Ezerאֶבֶן הָעֵזֶר
’éḇen hā-‘ézer, “the stone of help” Is specified as having been less than a day’s journey by foot from Shiloh, near Aphek, in the neighbourhood of Mizpah, near the western entrance of the pass of Bethoron. For more info click here
: and the Philistinesפְּלִשְׁתִּים
romanized: Pəlīštīm; Koine Greek (LXX): Φυλιστιείμ, romanized: Phulistieím) were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan during the Iron Age. For more info click here
camped in Aphek.

4:2 And the Philistinesפְּלִשְׁתִּים
romanized: Pəlīštīm; Koine Greek (LXX): Φυλιστιείμ, romanized: Phulistieím) were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan during the Iron Age. For more info click here
set themselves in order to meet Israel: and battle was spread. Israel was beaten before the Philistinesפְּלִשְׁתִּים
romanized: Pəlīštīm; Koine Greek (LXX): Φυλιστιείμ, romanized: Phulistieím) were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan during the Iron Age. For more info click here
: and they struck the army of
about four thousand men from the ranks in the field.
4:3 ¶ And when the people came into the camp, the elders of Israel said, Why has YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
beaten us today before the Philistinesפְּלִשְׁתִּים
romanized: Pəlīštīm; Koine Greek (LXX): Φυλιστιείμ, romanized: Phulistieím) were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan during the Iron Age. For more info click here
? Let us take the ark of the covenant of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
out of Shiloh שִׁלֹה, שִׁלוֹ ,שִׁילֹהand שִׁילוֹ
variably, Šīlō was an ancient city and sanctuary in Samaria. According to the Hebrew Bible, Shiloh was one of the main centers of Israelite worship during the pre-monarchic period, before the First Temple in Jerusalem was built For more info click here
to us, let it come among us, it will save us from the hand of our enemies.

4:4 So the people sent to Shiloh שִׁלֹה, שִׁלוֹ ,שִׁילֹה, and שִׁילוֹ, variably, Šīlō was an ancient city and sanctuary in Samaria. According to the Hebrew Bible, Shiloh was one of the main centers of Israelite worship during the pre-monarchic period, before the First Temple in Jerusalem was built For more info click here, and they took from there the ark of the covenant of  YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
of hosts, which dwells between the cherubim CHerəb כְּרוּב kərūḇ, pl. כְּרוּבִים likely borrowed from a derived form of Akkadian: 𒅗𒊏𒁍 karabu “to bless” such as 𒅗𒊑𒁍 karibu, “one who blesses”,a name for the lamassu) is one of the unearthly beings who directly attend to God, according to Abrahamic religions. The numerous depictions of cherubim assign to them many different roles, such as protecting the entrance of the Garden of Eden.: and the two sons of Eliעלי
Modern: ʿElī, Tiberian: ʿĒlī, lit. ’ascent’ or ‘above’ For more info click here
, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of Elohim אֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
.

4:5 And so happened, when the ark of the covenant of  YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
came into the camp, all Israel shouted with a great shout, so that the earth shook.

4:6 When the Philistinesפְּלִשְׁתִּים
romanized: Pəlīštīm; Koine Greek (LXX): Φυλιστιείμ, romanized: Phulistieím) were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan during the Iron Age. For more info click here
heard the noise of the shouting, they said, What does this noise mean this great shout in the camp of the Hebrewsעברי
The biblical term Ivri Hebrew pronunciation: [ʕivˈri]), meaning “to traverse” or “to pass over”, is usually rendered as Hebrew in English from ever (עֵבֶר) ‘beyond, across’ (avar (עָבַר ‘he crossed, he traversed’), as a description of migrants ‘from across the river’ as the Bible describes the Hebrews.
? And they saw that the ark of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
had come into the camp.

4:7 And the Philistinesפְּלִשְׁתִּים
romanized: Pəlīštīm; Koine Greek (LXX): Φυλιστιείμ, romanized: Phulistieím) were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan during the Iron Age. For more info click here
were afraid, for they said, Elohimאֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
has come to the camp. And they said, Woe to us! For never has it been like this before.

4:8 Woe to us! Who will deliver us out of the hand of these mighty gods? These are the gods that struck the Egyptians with all the plagues in the wilderness.
4:9 Make yourselves strong, and become men, O Philistinesפְּלִשְׁתִּים
romanized: Pəlīštīm; Koine Greek (LXX): Φυλιστιείμ, romanized: Phulistieím) were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan during the Iron Age. For more info click here
, unless y’all become slaves to the Hebrewsעברי
The biblical term Ivri Hebrew pronunciation: [ʕivˈri]), meaning “to traverse” or “to pass over”, is usually rendered as Hebrew in English from ever (עֵבֶר) ‘beyond, across’ (avar (עָבַר ‘he crossed, he traversed’), as a description of migrants ‘from across the river’ as the Bible describes the Hebrews.
, as they have been slaves to you. Then you must become men, and fight.

The ark captured

4:10 ¶ And the Philistinesפְּלִשְׁתִּים
romanized: Pəlīštīm; Koine Greek (LXX): Φυλιστιείμ, romanized: Phulistieím) were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan during the Iron Age. For more info click here
fought, and Israel was beaten, and they each one fled to his tent: and the blow was very great,
thirty thousand footmen of Israel fell.

Death of Eli

4:11 And the ark of Elohimאֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
was taken; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were killed.

4:12 ¶ And man of Benjaminבִּנְיָמִי
Bīnyāmīn Meaning: “Son of (the) right” or “Son of My right hand” was the last of the two sons of Jacob and Rachel (Jacob’s thirteenth child and twelfth and youngest son) For more info click here
ran from ranks, and came to Shiloh שִׁלֹה, שִׁלוֹ ,שִׁילֹה
and שִׁילוֹ, variably, Šīlō was an ancient city and sanctuary in Samaria. According to the Hebrew Bible, Shiloh was one of the main centers of Israelite worship during the pre-monarchic period, before the First Temple in Jerusalem was built For more info click here
that day with his clothes torn, and with earth on his head.

4:13 And he came in, Eliעלי
Modern: ʿElī, Tiberian: ʿĒlī, lit. ’ascent’ or ‘above’ For more info click here
sat upon a seat by the side of the highway watching. For his heart trembled for the ark of Elohim אֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
. And when the man came into the city, and told it, all the city cried out.

4:14 And when Eliעלי
Modern: ʿElī, Tiberian: ʿĒlī, lit. ’ascent’ or ‘above’ For more info click here
heard the noise of the crying, he said, What does the noise of this confusion mean? And the man
hurried and came in , and reported to Eliעלי
Modern: ʿElī, Tiberian: ʿĒlī, lit. ’ascent’ or ‘above’ For more info click here
.

4:15 Now Eliעלי
Modern: ʿElī, Tiberian: ʿĒlī, lit. ’ascent’ or ‘above’ For more info click here
was ninety eight years old; and his eyes were dim, so he was unable to see.

4:16 And the man said to Eliעלי
Modern: ʿElī, Tiberian: ʿĒlī, lit. ’ascent’ or ‘above’ For more info click here
, I am he who came out of the army, and I fled today out of the ranks. And he said, How did the matter go, my son?

4:17 And the messenger answered and said, Israel is fled before the Philistinesפְּלִשְׁתִּים
romanized: Pəlīštīm; Koine Greek (LXX): Φυλιστιείμ, romanized: Phulistieím) were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan during the Iron Age. For more info click here
, and there has been also a great slaughter among the people, and
also your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead, and the ark of Elohim אֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
is taken.

4:18 And it so happened, when he made mention of the ark of Elohimאֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
, that Eliעלי
Modern: ʿElī, Tiberian: ʿĒlī, lit. ’ascent’ or ‘above’ For more info click here
fell off the seat backward by the side of the gate, and his neck was broken, and he died: for he was an old man, and heavy. And he had judged Israel forty years.

4:19 ¶ And his daughter in law, Phinehas’ wife, was with child, about to bear: and she heard the report that the ark of Elohim אֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
was taken, and that her father in law and her husband had died, she bowed herself in labored; for her pains turned in on her.

4:20 And about the time of her death the women that stood by her said, Fear not; for you have borne a son. But she didn’t answer, or did she set her heart.
4:21 And she named the child Ichabodאִיכָבוֹד
īyḵāḇōḏ, – without glory, or “where is the glory?” For more info click here
, saying, The glory is departed from Israel: because the ark of Elohim אֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
was taken, and because of her father in law and her husband.

4:22 And she said, The glory is departed from Israel: for the ark of Elohim אֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
has been taken.

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