My Study Bible

1st Samuel Chapter 31

Search just this page

Saul’s death

31:1 NOW the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and they fell down wounded in mount Gilboa.
31:2 And the Philistines followed  Saul (/sɔːl/; Hebrew: שָׁאוּל‎, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) and his sons; and the Philistines killed Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchi-shua, Saul (/sɔːl/; Hebrew: שָׁאוּל‎, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”)’s sons.
31:3 And the battle went bad against Saul (/sɔːl/; Hebrew: שָׁאוּל‎, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”), and the archers hit him; and he was critically wounded by the archers.
31:4 Then Saul (/sɔːl/; Hebrew: שָׁאוּל‎, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) said to his armor bearer, Draw your sword, and shove it through me; otherwise these uncircumcised will come and plunge me through, and abuse me. But his armor bearer would not; for he was greatly afraid. So Saul (/sɔːl/; Hebrew: שָׁאוּל‎, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) took the sword, and fell upon it.
31:5 And when his armor bearer saw that Saul (/sɔːl/; Hebrew: שָׁאוּל‎, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) was dead, he fell on his sword too , and died with him.
31:6 So Saul (/sɔːl/; Hebrew: שָׁאוּל‎, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) died, and his three sons, and his armor bearer, and all his men died together, that same day.
31:7 ¶ And when the men of Israel that were beyond the valley, and they that were beyond the Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled, and that Saul (/sɔːl/; Hebrew: שָׁאוּל‎, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) and his sons had died, they abandoned the cities, and fled; and the Philistines came and lived in them.
31:8 And it so happened on the next day, when the Philistines came to strip the wounded, that they found Saul (/sɔːl/; Hebrew: שָׁאוּל‎, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) and his three sons fallen on mount Gilboa.
31:9 And they cut off his head, and stripped off his armor, and sent into the land of the Philistines all around to proclaim the news in the house of their idols, and among the people.
31:10 And they put his armor in the house of Ashtoreth a Canaanite goddess of fertility, love, and war and the daughter of the god El and the goddess Asherah. — This exchanging of vowels formed the word Ashtoreth. The Greek form of the name is Astarte; Ἀστάρτη, Astartē) is the Hellenized form of the Ancient Near Eastern goddess ʿAṯtart. ʿAṯtart was the Northwest Semitic equivalent of the East Semitic goddess Ishtar.: and they fastened his body to the wall of Beth-shan.

Saul’s body burned and bone buried

31:11 ¶ And when the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead Jabesh-Gilead (Hebrew: יָבֵשׁ גִּלְעָד Yāḇēš Gilʿāḏ), sometimes shortened to Jabesh, was an ancient Israelite town in Gilead, in northwest Jordan.Jabesh means “dry” in Hebrew, a name possibly attributed to the site’s well-draining soil. Gilead means ‘heap [of stones] of testimony’. There is also an alternative theory that it means ‘rocky region’. [Smith’s Bible Dictionary, “Gil’e-ad”] heard of what the Philistines had done to Saul (/sɔːl/; Hebrew: שָׁאוּל‎, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”);
31:12 All the mighty men rose up, and went all night, and they took the body of Saul (/sɔːl/; Hebrew: שָׁאוּל‎, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth-shan, and came to Jabesh Jabesh-Gilead (Hebrew: יָבֵשׁ גִּלְעָד Yāḇēš Gilʿāḏ), sometimes shortened to Jabesh, was an ancient Israelite town in Gilead, in northwest Jordan.Jabesh means “dry” in Hebrew, a name possibly attributed to the site’s well-draining soil. Gilead means ‘heap [of stones] of testimony’. There is also an alternative theory that it means ‘rocky region’. [Smith’s Bible Dictionary, “Gil’e-ad”], and burnt them there.
31:13 And they took their bones, and buried them under a tree at Jabesh Jabesh-Gilead (Hebrew: יָבֵשׁ גִּלְעָד Yāḇēš Gilʿāḏ), sometimes shortened to Jabesh, was an ancient Israelite town in Gilead, in northwest Jordan. Jabesh means “dry” in Hebrew, a name possibly attributed to the site’s well-draining soil. Gilead means ‘heap [of stones] of testimony’. There is also an alternative theory that it means ‘rocky region’. [Smith’s Bible Dictionary, “Gil’e-ad”], and fasted seven days.

One Response

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Categories
    • Calamities that come by sin Oppression of rulers Punishment of women for pride
    • Coming kingdom prophesied Exhortation to fear
    • Isaiah complains about Judah because of its rebellion Grace promised
    • “Menstrous Woman” According to Jewish law, a woman is forbidden to maintain sexual relations with her husband during and for sometimes both before and after her menses.
    • Shittah tree (Hebrew: שטה) or the plural “shittim“ was used in the Tanakh to refer to trees belonging to the genera Vachellia and Faidherbia (both formerly classed in Acacia). Faidherbia albida, Vachellia seyal, Vachellia tortilis, and Vachellia gerrardii can be found growing wild in the Sinai Desert and the Jordan River Valley. < p style=”text-align: […]
    • From the Encyclopaedia Judaica 12:1187 The seven Laws considered by rabbinic tradition as the minimal moral duties by the Bible on all men (Sanh. 50-60; Yad, Melakhim, 8:10, 10:12). Jews are obligated to observe the whole Torah, while every non-Jew is “a son of the covenant of Noah” and he accepts it’s obligations is a […]
    • noun an ancient measure of length, approximately equal to the length of a forearm. It was typically about 18 inches or 44 cm, though there was a long cubit of about 21 inches or 52 cm. ORIGIN Middle English : from Latin cubitum ‘elbow, forearm, cubit.’
    • Jewish Alternative in Love, Dating and Marriage by Pinchas Stolper Page 77-78 98% of the first book of Genesis, is devoted to narratives describing the creation of the world, the beginnings of mankind, and mankind, and Abraham, Isaac. Jacob and the Tribes of Israel. The reason Genesis dwells on biography, personalities, events and not laws […]
    • A collection of water A pool or bath of clear water, immersion in which renders ritually clean a person who become ritually unclean through contact with the dead (Num. 19) or any other defiling object or through an unclean flux from the body (Lev. 15) and especially a menstruant. It is similarly used for vessels […]
    • The Talmud is a work wherein is deposited the bulk of the literacy labors of numerous Jewish scholars over a period of some 700 years, roughly speaking between 200 B.C.E. and 500 C.E The Talmud is extant in two recessions, Palestinian and Babylonian. The word “Talmud” means primarily “study” or “Learning” and is employed in […]
    • The Study of halakhah in the rabbinic period and beyond it became the supreme religious duty. Because of it’s difficult subject matter and it’s importance for practical Judaism this study took precedence over that of any other aspect of Jewish teaching. Typical is the rabbinic saying that after the destruction of the temple, God has […]
    • From When A Jew Celebrates Pages 20 -22 On the eighth day after birth, Jewish boys are circumcised. According to the Torah, this ceremony began with Abraham. Jews made circumcision a special mitzvah, a commandment. Just as Jews took ancient harvest festivals and gave them special religious meaning, so they changed the ancient custom of […]
    • Paska 22 The phrase “taking God’s Name in vain” or it’s equivalent “false swearing” is interpreted successively as follows: Study Torah and not imparting it’s teachings to others; or imparting it’s esoteric teachings to people who will misunderstand them. Taking power of office without being worthy of office The wearing of tefillin through the day […]
    • From When A Jew Celebrates The Talmud teaches: Many coins are stamped from the same mold, and every coin is exactly the same. But God has stamped many people from the same mold ( the mold of Eve And Adam), yet not one person is like another. Therefore, one must say, “for my sake was […]
    • A descendant of the ancient priestly families
    • Water mixed with the ashes of the red hefer See also Purity in Second Temple Times, and Ablution
    • The Law (/ˈtɔːrə, ˈtoʊrə/; Biblical Hebrew: תּוֹרָה‎ Tōrā, “Instruction”, “Teaching” or “Law”) The first five books of the Bible or also called “the books of Moses” comes from an archery term meaning to shoot
    • The Hasdic Anthology page 24 Rabbi Isaiah Kalman Halberstadt said: “We read in the Talmud (Taanith 30b): Said Rabban Simeon ben Gamaliel: ‘There were no holidays in Israel Like Yom Kippur and the Fifteenth of Ab.’ On the latter day (Midsummer Day) the maidens were privileged to ask young men in marriage. They would arrange […]
    • A wedding celebration is considered a sacred time in Jewish culture, enriched with deep tradition and meaning. During the Torah reading, the groom is respectfully called up to the Bimah, surrounded by the wholehearted love and support of his community. This time-honored ceremony links us to our history and showcases our bright future brimming with […]
    • This array of vessels from Jerusalem provides evidence of the stone-craving industry that flourished in the city at the end of the Second Temple Period (form the first century B.C.E. until the Roman destruction of Jerusalem in 70 C.E.). Highly skilled artisans carved this collection, which includes small household mugs (foreground), a wine jar (left […]
  • Discover more from My Study Bible

    Subscribe now to keep reading and get access to the full archive.

    Continue reading