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1st Samuel Chapter 1

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Gerbrand van den Eeckhout Hannah presenting her son Samuel to the priest Eli, circa 1665, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Elkanah and Hannah

1:1 NOW there was a certain man of Ramathaim-Zophim רמתיים־צופים Ramah (רָמָה) and Ramatha in the Douay–Rheims Bible translation (Ramathaimsophim in the Vulgate), is a city from the Hebrew Bible, the home town and resting place of prophet Samuel. The name of the town means “the heights of the views.”, of mount Ephraimהר אפרים
or alternatively Mount of Ephraim, was the historical name for the central mountainous district of Israel once occupied by the Tribe of Ephraim (Joshua 17:15; 19:50; 20:7), extending from Bethel to the plain of Jezreel. In Joshua’s time (Joshua 17:18), approximately sometime between the 18th century BCE and the 13th century BCE, these hills were densely wooded. They were intersected by well-watered, fertile valleys, referred to in Jeremiah 50:19
, and his name was Elkanahאֱלְקָנָה
’Ĕlqānā “El has purchased” The Talmud lists him as a prophet, along with his wife and son. For more info click here
, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite:

1:2 And he had two wives; the name of the one was Hannahחַנָּה‎
Ḥannā “favor, grace”. The Talmud lists her as a prophet along with her husband and son. For more info click here
, and the name of the other Peninnah: and Peninnahפְּנִנָּה
Pəninnā; sometimes transliterated Penina) was one of Elkanah’s two wives, briefly mentioned in the first Book of Samuel (1 Samuel 1:2). Her name may derive from פְּנִינָּה‎ (pəninā), meaning “pearl. For more info click here
had children, but Hannahחַנָּה‎
Ḥannā “favor, grace”. The Talmud lists her as a prophet along with her husband and son. For more info click here
had no children.

1:3 And that man went up from of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice to YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
of hosts in Shilohשִׁלֹה, שִׁלוֹ ,שִׁילֹה and שִׁילוֹ
Šīlō was an ancient city and sanctuary in Samaria. According to the Hebrew Bible, Shiloh was one of the main centers of Israelite worship during the pre-monarchic period, before the First Temple in Jerusalem was built For more info click here
. And the two sons of Eliעלי
Modern: ʿElī, Tiberian: ʿĒlī, lit. ’ascent’ or ‘above’ For more info click here
, Hophni and Phinehas, were priests to YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
there.

1:4 ¶ And when the day, and Elkanahאֱלְקָנָה
’Ĕlqānā “El has purchased” The Talmud lists him as a prophet, along with his wife and son. For more info click here
sacrificed. He would give to his wife Peninnahפְּנִנָּה
Pəninnā; sometimes transliterated Penina) was one of Elkanah’s two wives, briefly mentioned in the first Book of Samuel (1 Samuel 1:2). Her name may derive from פְּנִינָּה‎ (pəninā), meaning “pearl. For more info click here
, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions:

1:5 But to Hannah he gave a double portion; because he loved Hannahחַנָּה‎
Ḥannā “favor, grace”. The Talmud lists her as a prophet along with her husband and son. For more info click here
: so. But YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
had shut up her womb.

1:6 And her rival tormented her , for to make her tremble, because YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
had shut up her womb.

1:7 And as he did so year by year, as often she went up to the house of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
, so she provoked her. And she wept, and did not eat.

1:8 Then said Elkanahאֱלְקָנָה
’Ĕlqānā “El has purchased” The Talmud lists him as a prophet, along with his wife and son. For more info click here
her husband to her, Hannahחַנָּה‎
Ḥannā “favor, grace”. The Talmud lists her as a prophet along with her husband and son. For more info click here
, why do you weep? and why do you not eat? and why is your heart troubled? am not I better to you than ten sons?

Hannah’s Prayer

1:9 ¶ So Hannahחַנָּה‎
Ḥannā “favor, grace”. The Talmud lists her as a prophet along with her husband and son. For more info click here
rose up after they had eaten in Shilohשִׁלֹה, שִׁלוֹ ,שִׁילֹה and שִׁילוֹ
Šīlō was an ancient city and sanctuary in Samaria. According to the Hebrew Bible, Shiloh was one of the main centers of Israelite worship during the pre-monarchic period, before the First Temple in Jerusalem was built For more info click here
, and after they had drunk. Now Eliעלי
Modern: ʿElī, Tiberian: ʿĒlī, lit. ’ascent’ or ‘above’ For more info click here
the priest sat upon a seat by a side post of the temple of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
.

1:10 And she was in bitter of her soul, and prayed to YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
, and wept constantly.

1:11 And she vowed a vow, and said, O YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
of hosts, if you will indeed look on the suffering of your maid servant, and remember me, and not forget your maid servant, but will give to your maid servant a man child, then I will give him to YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
all the days of his life, and there shall no razor touch his head.

1:12 And it happened, as she prayed long before YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
, that Eliעלי
Modern: ʿElī, Tiberian: ʿĒlī, lit. ’ascent’ or ‘above’ For more info click here
marked her mouth.

1:13 Now Hannahחַנָּה‎
Ḥannā “favor, grace”. The Talmud lists her as a prophet along with her husband and son. For more info click here
, she was speaking in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice could not be heard. So Eliעלי
Modern: ʿElī, Tiberian: ʿĒlī, lit. ’ascent’ or ‘above’ For more info click here
thought she was drunk.

1:14 And Eliעלי
Modern: ʿElī, Tiberian: ʿĒlī, lit. ’ascent’ or ‘above’ For more info click here
said to her, How long will you be drunken? put away your wine from you.

1:15 And Hannahחַנָּה‎
Ḥannā “favor, grace”. The Talmud lists her as a prophet along with her husband and son. For more info click here
answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have not drunk wine nor ferment drink, but I am pouring out my soul before YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
.

1:16 Don’t think your maid is a daughter of Belialבְּלִיַּעַל‎
Bəlīyyaʿal is a term occurring in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament which later became personified as the devil in Christian texts of the New Testament. Alternate spellings include Baalial, Balial, Belhor, Beliall, Beliar, Berial, Bylyl and Beliya’al. A Hebrew word “used to characterize the wicked or worthless”.
for out of the abundance of my complaint and frustration until now I have been speaking.

1:17 Then Eliעלי
Modern: ʿElī, Tiberian: ʿĒlī, lit. ’ascent’ or ‘above’ For more info click here
answered and said, Go in peace: and the El Hai אלהי
El Hai, “Living God” For more info click here
of Israel grant you your petition that you have asked of him.

1:18 And she said, Let your maid servant find grace in your sight. So the woman went her way, and ate, and her appearance was no longer sad .

Hannah bears Samuel

1:19 ¶ And they got up in the morning early, and worshiped before YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
, and returned, and came to their house to Ramahרָמָה
and also called Ramatha and Ramathaim-Zophim (Hebrew:רמתיים־צופים) in the Douay–Rheims Bible translation (Ramathaimsophim in the Vulgate), is a city from the Hebrew Bible, the home town and resting place of prophet Samuel. The name of the town means “the heights of the views.”
: and Elkanahאֱלְקָנָה
’Ĕlqānā “El has purchased” The Talmud lists him as a prophet, along with his wife and son. For more info click here
knew his wife Hannahחַנָּה‎
Ḥannā “favor, grace”. The Talmud lists her as a prophet along with her husband and son. For more info click here
and YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
remembered her.

1:20 And it so happened, when the time had come around Hannahחַנָּה‎
Ḥannā “favor, grace”. The Talmud lists her as a prophet along with her husband and son. For more info click here
conceived, that she bore a son, and called his name Samuel שְׁמוּאֵל
Šəmūʾēl appears to be constructed from the Hebrew Śāmū (שָׂמוּ)+ ʾĒl, meaning “God has set” or “God has placed”. This meaning relating to the idea of God setting/placing a child in the womb, alongside Hannah dedicating Samuel as a Nazirite to God. For more info click here
, saying, Because I have asked him of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
.

1:21 And the man Elkanahאֱלְקָנָה
’Ĕlqānā “El has purchased” The Talmud lists him as a prophet, along with his wife and son. For more info click here
, and all his house, went up to offer sacrifice to YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
the yearly sacrifice, and his vow.

1:22 But Hannahחַנָּה‎
Ḥannā “favor, grace”. The Talmud lists her as a prophet along with her husband and son. For more info click here
didn’t go up; for she said to her husband, U
ntil the child is weaned then I will bring him, that he may appear before YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
, and remain there forever.

1:23 And Elkanahאֱלְקָנָה
’Ĕlqānā “El has purchased” The Talmud lists him as a prophet, along with his wife and son. For more info click here
her husband said to her, Do what seems you good; wait until you have weaned him. Only, may YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
confirm his word. So the woman stayed, and
suckled her son until she had weaned him.
1:24 ¶ And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three steers, and one ephah noun — an ancient Hebrew dry measure equivalent to a bushel (35 l). — ORIGIN — from Hebrew ‘ēp̱āh, probably from Egyptian. of flour, and a skin of wine, and brought him to the house of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
in Shilohשִׁלֹה, שִׁלוֹ ,שִׁילֹה and שִׁילוֹ
variably, Šīlō was an ancient city and sanctuary in Samaria. According to the Hebrew Bible, Shiloh was one of the main centers of Israelite worship during the pre-monarchic period, before the First Temple in Jerusalem was built For more info click here
: and the child was young.

1:25 And they slaughtered a steer, and brought the child to Eliעלי
Modern: ʿElī, Tiberian: ʿĒlī, lit. ’ascent’ or ‘above’ For more info click here
.

1:27 And she said, Oh my lord, may your soul live! My lord, I am the woman that stood with you here, praying to YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
.

1:27 I prayed for this child ; and YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
has given me my petition which I asked of him:

1:28 Therefore also I have loaned him to YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
; as long as he lives he will be loaned to YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
. And he worshiped before YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
.

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