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1st Samuel Chapter 22

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David at Adullam

22:1 DAVID left there, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brothers and all his father’s house heard it, they went down there to him.

22:2 Everyone that was in distress, and everyone that was in debt, and every one that was desperate, joined him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men.
22:3 Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
went from there to Mizpeh of Moab: and he said to the king of Moab, Let my father and my mother, Please, come forward, and be with you, until I know what Elohimאֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
will do for me.

22:4 So he led them to the king of Moab: and they stayed with him all the time that Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
was in the stronghold.

22:5 ¶ But the prophet Gad said to Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, Do not stay in the stronghold; leave, and go to the land of Judah. So Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
left, and came to the forest of Hareth or Hereth is a forested area in Judah to which David and his family return after leaving refuge in Moab, at the direction of the prophet Gad. It is thought to have been somewhere on the border of the Philistine plain, in the southern part of Judah.

22:6 ¶ When Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
heard that Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
and the men that were with him were discovered, Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
was in Gibeah under a tree in Ramah, his spear in his hand, and all his servants were standing around him;

22:7 Then Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
said to his servants that stood around him, Listen, y’all Benjamites; will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards, and make you all captains of thousands, and captains of hundreds;

22:8 Is that why ya’ll have conspired against me? There is none that informs me that my son has made a pact with the son of Jesse? is there none of you that is sorry for me, or informs me that my son has stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as at this day?
22:9 Doeg the Edomite, who was set over the servants of Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
, and said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub.

22:10 He asked of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
for him, and gave him provisions, and also gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.

22:11 Then the king sent for Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all his father’s house, the priests that were in Nob: they all came to the king.
22:12 And Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
said, Listen now, you son of Ahitub. And he replied, Yes my lord.

22:13 And Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
said to him, Why have y’all conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, in that you have given him bread, and a sword, and have asked of Elohimאֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
for him, that he should rise against me, to ambush me, as at this day?

22:14 Ahimelech replied to the king, and said, But who is as trusted among all your servants as Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, which is the king’s son in law, and does your bidding, and is upstanding in your house?

22:15 Did I then begin to ask of Elohimאֱלֹהִים
romanized: ʾĔlōhīm: [(ʔ)eloˈ(h)im]), the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ‎ (ʾĔlōah), is a Hebrew word meaning “gods”. Although the word is plural, in the Hebrew Bible it most often takes singular verbal or pronominal agreement and refers to a single deity particularly the God of Israel In other verses it refers to the singular gods of other nations or to deities in the plural A name for GOD — God The Creator
for him? I have done no wrong. Let not the king find fault in any thing of his servant, or to all the house of my father: for your servant knew nothing of all this at all.

22:16 And the king said, you shall die, Ahimelech, you, and all your father’s house.
22:17 ¶ And the king said to the footmen that stood about him, Turn, and kill the priests of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
; because they were in league with Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
, and because they knew when he ran, and did not inform me. But the servants of the king would not raise their hand to fall upon the priests of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
.

22:18 And the king said to Doeg, Kill the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he killed the priests, he killed on that day eighty five persons that wore a linen ephod. noun (in ancient Israel) a sleeveless garment worn by Jewish priests — ORIGIN late Middle English: from Hebrew ‘ēp̱ōḏ.

22:19 He Killed with the edge of the sword, Nob the city of the priests, both men and women, children and sucklings, and oxen, and asses, and sheep.

David hears the news

22:20 But one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled to Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
.

22:21 When Abiathar told Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
that Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
had slain YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
’s priests.

22:22 Davidדָּוִד
/ˈdeɪvɪd/; romanized: Dāwīḏ, “beloved one”) Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE. For more info click here
said to Abiathar, I knew it that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saulשָׁאוּל
(/sɔːl/;, Šāʾūl; Greek: Σαούλ, Saoúl; transl. ”asked/prayed for”) For more info click here
: I am to blame for the death of all the people of your father’s house.

22:23 Stay with me, don’t be afraid : because whoever seeks your life seeks my life: but you’ll be safe with me.

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