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Judges Chapter 1

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Conquests by Judah

1:1 Now after the death of Joshua יְהוֹשֻׁעַ
Yəhōšuaʿ,(/ˈdʒɒʃuə/), lit. ‘Yahweh is salvation’) also known as Yehoshua. Yeshua or Y’shua (ישוע; with vowel pointing Hebrew: יֵשׁוּעַ, romanized: Yēšūaʿ) was a common alternative form of the name Yehoshua (Hebrew: יְהוֹשֻׁעַ, romanized: Yəhōšūaʿ, lit. ’Joshua’) in later books of the Hebrew Bible and among Jews of the Second Temple period. The name corresponds to the Greek spelling Iesous (Ἰησοῦς), from which, through the Latin IESVS/Iesus, comes the English spelling Jesus meaning salvation.
it so happened, that the sons of Israel YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
, saying, Who shall go up for us against the Canaanites first, to fight against them?
1:2 And YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
said, Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
shall go up see, I have given the land into his hand.
1:3 And Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
said to Simeonשמעון
(/ˈsɪmiən/) is a given name (Biblical Šimʿon, Tiberian Šimʿôn), usually transliterated as Shimon. In Greek, it is written Συμεών, hence the Latinized spelling Symeon. It is a cognate of the name Simon “he has heard” For more info click here
his brother, Come up with me to my lot, that we may fight against the Canaanites ; and I likewise will go with you to your lot. So Simeonשמעון
(/ˈsɪmiən/) is a given name (Biblical Šimʿon, Tiberian Šimʿôn), usually transliterated as Shimon. In Greek, it is written Συμεών, hence the Latinized spelling Symeon. It is a cognate of the name Simon “he has heard” For more info click here
went with him.
1:4 And Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
went up; and YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
delivered the Canaanites and the Perizzites into their hand and they killed of them in Bezek ten thousand men.
1:5 And they found Adonibezek in Bezek and they fought against him, and they killed the Canaanites and the Perizzites.
1:6 But Adonibezek fled ; and they pursued after him, and caught him, and cut off his thumbs and his big toes.
1:7 And Adonibezek said, Seventy kings, having their thumbs and their big toes cut off, gathered [their meat] under my table like I have done, so God has requited me. And they brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died.

Jerusalem Taken


1:8 Now the sons of Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
had fought against Jerusalem, and had taken it, and struck down it with the edge of the sword, and set the city on fire.
1:9 And afterward the sons of Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
went down to fight against the Canaanites, that stayed in the mountain, and in the south, and in the valley.
1:10 And Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
went against the Canaanites that lived in Hebronחֶבְרוֹן
Ḥevrōn is a Palestinian city in the southern West Bank, 19 mi south of Jerusalem. Nestled in the Judaean Mountains, it lies 3,050 ft above sea level.The city is often considered one of the four holy cities in Judaism as well as in Islam.
(now the name of Hebron before [was] Kirjatharba) and they killed Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai.
1:11 And from there he went against the inhabitants of Debir and the name of Debir before [was] Kirjathsepher
1:12 And Caleb said, He that strikes Kirjathsepher, and take it, to him will I give Achsah my daughter to wife.
1:13 And Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother, took it and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife.
1:14 And it so happened, when she came [to him], that she moved him to ask of her father a field and she lighted from off [her] ass ; and Caleb said to her, What will your?
1:15 And she said to him, Give me a blessing for you have given me a south land ; give me also springs of water. And Caleb gave her the upper springs and the nether springs.
1:16 And the sons of the Kenite, Mosesמשה
Meaning of the name: Linguist Abraham Yahuda, based on the spelling given in the Tanakh, argues that it combines “water” or “seed” and “pond, expanse of water,” thus yielding the sense of “child of the Nile” click here
father in law, went up out of the city of palm trees with the sons of Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
into the wilderness of Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
, which [lies] in the south of Arad ; and they went and lived among the people.
1:17 And Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
went with Simeonשמעון
(/ˈsɪmiən/) is a given name (Biblical Šimʿon, Tiberian Šimʿôn), usually transliterated as Shimon. In Greek, it is written Συμεών, hence the Latinized spelling Symeon. It is a cognate of the name Simon “he has heard” For more info click here
his brother, and they killed the Canaanites that inhabited Zephath, and utterly destroyed it. And the name of the city was called Hormah.
1:18 Also Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
took Gaza with the coast of it, and Askelon with the coast of it, and Ekron with the coast of it.
1:19 And YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
was with Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
; and he drove out [the inhabitants of] the mountain ; but could not drive out the inhabitants of the valley, because they had chariots of iron.
1:20 And they gave Hebronחֶבְרוֹן
Ḥevrōn is a Palestinian city in the southern West Bank, 19 mi south of Jerusalem. Nestled in the Judaean Mountains, it lies 3,050 ft above sea level.The city is often considered one of the four holy cities in Judaism as well as in Islam.
to Caleb, as Mosesמשה
Meaning of the name: Linguist Abraham Yahuda, based on the spelling given in the Tanakh, argues that it combines “water” or “seed” and “pond, expanse of water,” thus yielding the sense of “child of the Nile” click here
said and he expelled there the three sons of Anak.

The acts of Benjamin


1:21 And the sons of Benjaminבִּנְיָמִי
Bīnyāmīn Meaning: “Son of (the) right” or “Son of My right hand” was the last of the two sons of Jacob and Rachel (Jacob’s thirteenth child and twelfth and youngest son) For more info click here
didn’t drive out the Jebusites that inhabited Jerusalem ; but the Jebusites stayed with the sons of Benjaminבִּנְיָמִי
Bīnyāmīn Meaning: “Son of (the) right” or “Son of My right hand” was the last of the two sons of Jacob and Rachel (Jacob’s thirteenth child and twelfth and youngest son) For more info click here
in Jerusalem to this day.

1:22 And the house of Josephיוֹסֵף
Yosef Meaning: Jehovah shall add, God will add, taken away or praise, fame taken away. For more info click here
, they also went up against Bethelבֵּית אֵל
romanized: Bēṯ ‘Ēl, “House of El” or “House of God” at first called changed by Jacob/Israel click here
and YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
[was] with them.

1:23 And the house of Josephיוֹסֵף
Yosef Meaning: Jehovah shall add, God will add, taken away or praise, fame taken away. For more info click here
sent to descry Bethelבֵּית אֵל
romanized: Bēṯ ‘Ēl, “House of El” or “House of God” at first called changed by Jacob/Israel click here
. (Now the name of the city before [was] Luz.)

1:24 And the spies saw a man come out of the city, and they said to him, Please show us, the entrance into the city, and we will show you mercy.
1:25 And when he shown them the entrance to the city, they struck the city with the edge of the sword ; but they let go the man and all his family.
1:26 And the man went into the land of the Hittites, and built a city, and called the name of it Luz which [is] the name of it to this day.
1:27 Manasseh didn’t  drive out [the inhabitants of] Bethshean and her towns, nor Taanach and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns but the Canaanites would stay in that land.
1:28 And it so happened, when Israel was strong, that they put the Canaanites to tribute, and did not utterly drive them out.

Nations remaining unconquered


1:29 Ephraim didn’t drive out the Canaanites that lived in Gezer ; but the Canaanites lived in Gezer among them.
1:30 Zebulun didn’t drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, nor the inhabitants of Nahalol ; but the Canaanites lived among them, and became tributaries.
1:31 Asher didn’t drive out the inhabitants of Accho, nor the inhabitants of Zidon, nor of Ahlab, nor of Achzib, nor of Helbah, nor of Aphik, nor of Rehob
1:32 But the Asherites lived among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land for they didn’t drive them out.
1:33 Naphtali didn’t drive out the inhabitants of Bethshemesh, nor the inhabitants of Bethanath ; but he lived among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land nevertheless the inhabitants of Bethshemesh and of Bethanath became tributaries to them.
1:34 And the Amorites forced the sons of Dan into the mountain for they wouldn’t suffer them to come down to the valley
1:35 But the Amorites would stay in mount Heres in Aijalon, and in Shaalbim yet the hand of the house of Josephיוֹסֵף
Yosef Meaning: Jehovah shall add, God will add, taken away or praise, fame taken away. For more info click here
prevailed, so that they became tributaries.
1:36 And the coast of the Amorites [was] from the going up to Akrabbim, from the rock, and upward.

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