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Genesis Chapter 38

Sons of Judah

38:1 And it so happened at that time, that Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
went down from his brothers, and turned away to an Adullamite, whose name [was] Hirah.
38:2 And Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
saw there a daughter of a prominent merchant, whose name [was] Shuah ; and he married her, and went in to her.
38:3 And she conceived, and bore a son ; and he called his name Er.
38:4 And she conceived again, and bore a son ; and she called his name Onan.
38:5 And she continued still, and bore a son ; and called his name Shelah and he was at Chezib, when she bore him.
38:6 And Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
took a wife for Er his firstborn, whose name [was] Tamarתָּמָר
Transliteration: tāmār Pronunciation: taw-mawr’ Tamar = “palm-tree” Tamar, the name of three women and a place:—Tamar. For more info click here
.
38:7 And Er, Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
‘s firstborn, was evil in the eyes of YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
; and YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
caused him to die.
38:8 And Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
said to Onan, Go in to your brother’s wife, and marry [her], and raise up seed to your brother.
38:9 And Onan knew that the seed would not be his; and it so happened, when he went in to his brother’s wife, that he wasted [his semen] the ground, not giving seed to his brother.
38:10 And the thing which he did displeased YAHWEH יְהֹוָה
Hebrew Yəhōwā, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה‎ (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. It is considered one of the seven names of God in Judaism and a form of God’s name in Christianity. Covenant making covenant keeping GOD. For more info click here
so he caused him to die also.
38:11 Then Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
said to Tamarתָּמָר
Transliteration: tāmār Pronunciation: taw-mawr’ Tamar = “palm-tree” Tamar, the name of three women and a place:—Tamar. For more info click here
his daughter in-law, Remain a widow at your father’s house, until Shelah my son is grows up for he thought, Unless he also dies, like his brothers. And Tamarתָּמָר
Transliteration: tāmār Pronunciation: taw-mawr’ Tamar = “palm-tree” Tamar, the name of three women and a place:—Tamar. For more info click here
went and lived in her father’s house.
38:12 And time passed and the daughter of Shuah died. And Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
was comforted, and [he went] up to oversee his sheep shearers to Timnath, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.

Tamar deceives Judah


38:13 And Tamarתָּמָר
Transliteration: tāmār Pronunciation: taw-mawr’ Tamar = “palm-tree” Tamar, the name of three women and a place:—Tamar. For more info click here was told
, saying, Look your father in-law is going up to Timnath to shear his sheep.
38:14 And she removed her widow’s robes, and disguised herself with a veil, and sat at the entrance to Enaim, which [is] on the road toward Timnath ; because she saw that Shelah was grown, and she had not been given to him for a wife.
38:15 When Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
saw her, he thought she [was] a harlot ; because she had veiled her face.
38:16 And he detoured to her by the roadway, and said, Come, if you please, let me consort with you; (because he didn’t know that she [was] his daughter in law.) And she said, What will you give me if you consort with me?
38:17 And he said, I will send [you] a kid from the flock. And she said, Provided you leave a pledge, until you send [it]?
38:18 And he said, What pledge shall I give you? And she said, Your signet, and your bracelet, and your staff that [is] in your hand. And he gave [it] her, and consorted with her, and she conceived by him.
38:19 And she got up, left , and removed her veil from on her, and put on her widow’s robes.
38:20 And Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
sent the kid by the hand of his friend the Adullamite, to retrieve the pledge from the woman but he didn’t find her.
38:21 Then he asked the men of that place, saying, Where [is] the harlot, that [was] at Enaim by the roadway? And they said, There was no harlot here.
38:22 And he returned to Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
, and said, I can’t find her; and also the men of the place said, There [was] no harlot here.
38:23 And Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
said, Let her keep them otherwise we’ll become a laughing-stock. See, I sent this kid, and you couldn’t find her.
38:24 And after three months had passed, it was told to Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
, saying, Tamarתָּמָר
Transliteration: tāmār Pronunciation: taw-mawr’ Tamar = “palm-tree” Tamar, the name of three women and a place:—Tamar. For more info click here
your daughter in law has harlotry and even worse, she has conceived by harlotry. And Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
said, Bring her out, and let her be burned.
38:25 When she [was] brought out, she sent word to her father in law, saying, I am pregnant by a man to whom these [belong]. Note now whose [are] these, the signet, and bracelets, and staff?
38:26 And Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
acknowledged [them], and said, She is right it is from me; because that I didn’t give her to Shelah my son. And he never intimate with her again.

Tamar brings forth twins


38:27 And in the time of her bearing,  see, it so happened twins [were] in her womb.
38:28 And when she was bearing, it so happened that one put out a hand and the midwife took and bound upon his hand a scarlet thread, saying, This came out first.
38:29 And it so happened, as he drew back his hand, that, look, his brother came out and she said, With what strength you asserted yourself! And he called his name Pharezפֶּרֶץ‎ / פָּרֶץ‎
Perez, also written as Pharez/Perets Modern Pereṣ / Pareṣ Tiberian Péreṣ / Pāreṣ) Hebrew means “breach or burst forth”.
.
38:30 And then his brother came out, who had the scarlet thread on his hand and he called his name Zarah.

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