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Exodus Chapter 1

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Growth of Israel

1:1 AND these [are] the names of the children of Israel, who came into Egypt with Jacobיַעֲקֹב
(/ˈdʒeɪkəb/; Modern: Yaʿaqōv (help·info), Tiberian: Yaʿăqōḇ; Arabic: يَعْقُوب, romanized: Yaʿqūb; Greek: Ἰακώβ, romanized: Iakṓb) the name Yaʿaqōv יעקב is derived from ʿaqev עָקֵב “heel”, as Jacob was born grasping the heel of his twin brother Esau. for more info click here
each coming with his household.
1:2 Reubenרְאוּבֵן
or Reuven Standard Rəʾūven, meaning “behold, a son”. he was the first of the six sons of Jacob and Leah (Jacob’s oldest son) For more info click here
, Simeonשמעון
(/ˈsɪmiən/) is a given name (Biblical Šimʿon, Tiberian Šimʿôn), usually transliterated as Shimon. In Greek, it is written Συμεών, hence the Latinized spelling Symeon. It is a cognate of the name Simon “he has heard” For more info click here
, Leviלֵוִי‎
(/ˈliːvaɪ/ LEE-vy; Modern: Levī,The Torah suggests that the name Levi refers to Leah’s hope for Jacob to join with her, implying a derivation from Hebrew yillaweh, meaning he will join, but scholars suspect that it may simply mean priest, either as a loan word from the Minaean lawi’u, meaning priest, or by referring to those people who were joined to the Ark of the Covenant. For more info click here
, and Judahיְהוּדָה
Modern: Yəhūda, Tiberian: Yŭhūḏā), literally “thanksgiving” or “praise,” is the noun form of the root Y-D-H (ידה), “to thank” or “to praise. The fourth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah. For more info click here
,
1:3 Issacharיִשָּׂשכָר‎
Modern: Yīssaḵar, Tiberian: Yīśśāḵār, “There is reward” the fifth of the six sons of Jacob and Leah (Jacob’s ninth son) For more info click here
, Zebulunזְבֻלוּן/זְבוּלֻן/זְבוּלוּן
Modern: Zəvūlūn) he name is derived from the Northwest Semitic root zbl, common in 2nd millennium BCE Ugaritic texts as an epithet (title) of the god Baal, as well as in Phoenician and (frequently) in Biblical Hebrew in personal names. For more info click here
, and Benjaminבִּנְיָמִי
Bīnyāmīn Meaning: “Son of (the) right” or “Son of My right hand” was the last of the two sons of Jacob and Rachel (Jacob’s thirteenth child and twelfth and youngest son) For more info click here
,
1:4 Danדָּן
Dān, “judgment” or “he judged”) was the first of the two sons of Jacob and Bilhah (Jacob’s fifth son). His mother, Bilhah, was Rachel’s handmaid, who becomes one of Jacob’s concubines. For more info click here
, and Naphtaliנַפְתָּלִי
(/ˈnæftəlaɪ/ Modern: Naftalī, Tiberian: Nap̄tālī, “my struggle”) was the sixth son of Jacob, the second of his two sons with Bilhah. He was the founder of the Israelite tribe of Naphtali. For more info click here
, Gadגָּד‎,
Modern: Gad, Tiberian: Gāḏ, “luck/fortunate”) was, the first of the two sons of Jacob and Zilpah (Jacob’s seventh son) and the founder of the Israelite tribe of Gad. For more info click here
, and Asherאָשֵׁר
’Āšēr), was the last of the two sons of Jacob and Zilpah (Jacob’s eighth son). The text of the Torah states that the name of Asher means “happy” or “blessing”, implying a derivation from the Hebrew term osher in two variations—beoshri (meaning in my good fortune). For more info click here
.
1:5 And all the people that came out of the loins of Jacobיַעֲקֹב
(/ˈdʒeɪkəb/; Modern: Yaʿaqōv (help·info), Tiberian: Yaʿăqōḇ; Arabic: يَعْقُوب, romanized: Yaʿqūb; Greek: Ἰακώβ, romanized: Iakṓb) the name Yaʿaqōv יעקב is derived from ʿaqev עָקֵב “heel”, as Jacob was born grasping the heel of his twin brother Esau. for more info click here
were seventy souls Josephיוֹסֵף
Yosef Meaning: Jehovah shall add, God will add, taken away or praise, fame taken away. For more info click here
being in Egypt already.
1:6 And Josephיוֹסֵף
Yosef Meaning: Jehovah shall add, God will add, taken away or praise, fame taken away. For more info click here
died, and all his brothers, and all that generation.
1:7 And the children of Israel were fertile and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and increased greatly, so that the land was filled with them.

Oppressed by a new king


1:8 And new king arose up a over Egypt, who had not known Josephיוֹסֵף
Yosef Meaning: Jehovah shall add, God will add, taken away or praise, fame taken away. For more info click here
.
1:9 And he said to his people, See, the people of the children of Israel [are] too numerous for us.
1:10 Come on, let us deal shrewdly with them; so that they may not increase, otherwise in the event of war, they may join our enemies in fighting against us, and [so] get them up out of the land.
1:11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them to oppress them with forced labor. And they built garrison cities for Pharaoh: Pithom (Ancient Egyptian: pr-jtm; Hebrew: פִּתֹם‎ Hebrew פיתום‎ Pithom which was taken from the Egyptian toponym pr-(j)tm, “House of Atum”. For more info click here and Raamses.
1:12 But the more they were oppressed , the more they increased and spread out so that the Egyptians came to dread the children of Israel.
1:13 And the Egyptians ruthlessly imposed upon the children of Israel to serve with rigor .
1:14 And they made their lives bitter with hard labor at mortar and bricks and in all sorts of tasks in the field.
1:15 And the king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrewעברי
The biblical term Ivri Hebrew pronunciation: [ʕivˈri]), meaning “to traverse” or “to pass over”, is usually rendered as Hebrew in English from ever (עֵבֶר) ‘beyond, across’ (avar (עָבַר ‘he crossed, he traversed’), as a description of migrants ‘from across the river’ as the Bible describes the Hebrews.
midwives, one of which the name of [was] Shiphrah, and the other Puah
1:16 saying, When you deliver the Hebrewעברי
The biblical term Ivri Hebrew pronunciation: [ʕivˈri]), meaning “to traverse” or “to pass over”, is usually rendered as Hebrew in English from ever (עֵבֶר) ‘beyond, across’ (avar (עָבַר ‘he crossed, he traversed’), as a description of migrants ‘from across the river’ as the Bible describes the Hebrews.
women, and see [them] upon the stools ; if it [be] a son, then you shall kill him but if it [be] a daughter, then she shall live.
1:17 The midwives feared God, and did not do as the king of Egypt commanded them, but let the boys live.
1:18 So the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said to them, Why have you done this thing, letting the boys live ?
1:19 And the midwives said to Pharaoh, Because the Hebrewעברי
The biblical term Ivri Hebrew pronunciation: [ʕivˈri]), meaning “to traverse” or “to pass over”, is usually rendered as Hebrew in English from ever (עֵבֶר) ‘beyond, across’ (avar (עָבַר ‘he crossed, he traversed’), as a description of migrants ‘from across the river’ as the Bible describes the Hebrews.
women [are] not as the Egyptian women ; for they [are] vigorous. Before the midwives come in to them, they have given birth.
1:20 And God dealt well with the midwives and the people multiplied, and increased greatly.
1:21 And because the midwives feared God, He established house holds for them.

Pharaoh’s cruel order


1:22 Then Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born you shall throw into the Nile, but every daughter live.

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